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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for July 12th

  • Year 927 » Æthelstan, List of English monarchs called King of England, secures a pledge from Constantine II of Scotland called Constantine II of Scotland that the latter will not ally with Viking kings, beginning the process of unifying Great Britain. This is c
  • Year 1470 » The Ottoman Empire known as Ottomans capture Euboea.
  • Year 1527 » Lê Cung Hoàng ceded the throne to Mạc Đăng Dung, ending the Lê Dynasty and starting the Mạc Dynasty.
  • Year 1543 » King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace.
  • Year 1562 » Fray Diego de Landa, acting Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Yucatán known as Bishop of Yucatán, burns the sacred books of the Maya civilization e.g Maya.
  • Year 1580 » The Ostrog Bible, one of the early printed Bibles in a Slavic languages known as Slavic language, is published.
  • Year 1690 » Battle of the Boyne (Gregorian calendar) The armies of William III of England e.g William III defeat those of the former James II of England named James II.
  • Year 1776 » Captain James Cook begins his Third voyage of James Cook or third voyage.
  • Year 1790 » The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed in France by the National Constituent Assembly.
  • Year 1799 » Ranjit Singh conquers Lahore and becomes Maharaja of the Punjab (Sikh Empire).
  • Year 1801 » French Revolutionary Wars: British Royal Navy ships inflict heavy damage against Spanish and French ships in the Second Battle of Algeciras.
  • Year 1804 » Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies a day after being shot in a Burr–Hamilton duel named duel.
  • Year 1806 » Sixteen Germany called German Imperial State e.g imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
  • Year 1806 » Liechtenstein is given full sovereignty after its accession to the Confederation of the Rhine.
  • Year 1812 » War of 1812: The United States invades Canada at Windsor, Ontario.
  • Year 1862 » The Medal of Honor is authorized by the United States Congress.
  • Year 1879 » The National Guards Unit of Bulgaria is founded.
  • Year 1913 » Second Balkan War: Kingdom of Serbia Serbian forces begin their Siege of Vidin (1913) siege of the Kingdom of Bulgaria Bulgarian city of Vidin; the siege is later called off when the war ends.
  • Year 1917 » The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnapping kidnap and deportation deport nearly 1,300 strike action striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • Year 1918 » The Imperial Japanese Navy battleship 'Japanese battleship Kawachi or Kawachi' blows up at Yamaguchi Prefecture known as Shunan, western Honshu, Japan, killing at least 621.
  • Year 1920 » The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty is signed. Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic or Soviet Russia recognizes independent Lithuania.
  • Year 1932 » Hedley Verity takes a cricket Hedley Verity World record world record ten wickets for ten runs in a County Championship county match for Yorkshire County Cricket Club Yorkshire.
  • Year 1943 » World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka Nazi Germany or German and Soviet Union named Soviet forces engage in one of the largest tank engagements of all time.
  • Year 1948 » 1948 Arab–Israeli War named Arab–Israeli War: Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion orders the 1948 Palestinian exodus from Lydda and Ramle known as expulsion of Palestinians from the towns of Lod and Ramla.
  • Year 1960 » Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic or Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • Year 1961 » Pune floods due to failure of the Khadakwasla Dam e.g Khadakwasla and Panshet Dam named Panshet dams. Half of Pune is submerged, more than 100,000 families need to be relocated and the death toll exceeds 2,000.
  • Year 1962 » The Rolling Stones perform their first concert, at the Marquee Club in London called London, England, United Kingdom.
  • Year 1963 » Pauline Reade, who was 16-years-old, disappears on her way to a dance at the British Railways Club in Gorton, England, the first victim in the Moors murders.
  • Year 1967 » The 1967 Newark riots known as Newark riots begin in Newark, New Jersey.
  • Year 1970 » A fire consumes the wooden home of Norwegian composer Geirr Tveitt and irretrievably destroys about 90 percent of his output.
  • Year 1971 » The Australian Aboriginal Flag is flown for the first time.
  • Year 1973 » A National Personnel Records Center fire known as fire destroys the entire sixth floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
  • Year 1975 » São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
  • Year 1979 » The island nation of Kiribati becomes independent from United Kingdom.
  • Year 1989 » Lotte World Adventure opened in Seoul, South Korea.
  • Year 2006 » Hezbollah initiates 2006 Lebanon War called Operation True Promise.
  • Year 2007 » United States Army U.S. Army Boeing AH-64 Apache Apache helicopters perform July 12, 2007 Baghdad airstrike airstrikes in Baghdad, Iraq; footage from the cockpit is later leaked to the Internet.
  • Year 2012 » The Turaymisah killings named Turaymisah massacre kills 250 people during a Syrian military operation in a village within the Hama Governorate.

World History for the Month of July