1919 Calendar Year - Print Calendar

January 1919

February 1919

March 1919

April 1919

May 1919

June 1919

July 1919

August 1919

September 1919

October 1919

November 1919

December 1919


Historical Events for the Year 1919

  • 3rd January » At the Paris Peace Conference, 1919 Paris Peace Conference, Emir Faisal I of Iraq signs Faisal–Weizmann Agreement an agreement with Zionism Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann on the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and an Arab nation in a large pa
  • 7th January » Montenegro or Montenegrin guerrilla fighters Christmas Uprising known as rebel against the planned annexation of Montenegro by Serbia, but fail.
  • 11th January » Romania reincorporates Transylvania.
  • 15th January » Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent Socialism or socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps at the end of the Spartacist uprising.
  • 15th January » Boston Molasses Disaster: A large molasses tank in Boston e.g Boston, Massachusetts, bursts and a wave of molasses rushes through the streets, killing 21 people and injuring 150 others.
  • 16th January » Temperance movement in the United States known as Temperance movement: The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.
  • 25th January » The League of Nations is founded.
  • 31st January » The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • 5th February » Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D.W. Griffith launch United Artists.
  • 6th February » The five-day Seattle General Strike begins.
  • 11th February » Friedrich Ebert (Social Democratic Party of Germany e.g SPD), is elected President of Germany.
  • 14th February » The Polish–Soviet War begins.
  • 21st February » German socialist Kurt Eisner is assassination or assassinated. His death results in the establishment of the Bavarian Soviet Republic and parliament and government fleeing Munich, Germany.
  • 25th February » Oregon places a one cent per U.S. gallon gasoline tax named tax on gasoline, becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax.
  • 26th February » President Woodrow Wilson signs an act of the Congress of the United States or U.S. Congress establishing most of the Grand Canyon as a United States National Park - the Grand Canyon National Park.
  • 1st March » March 1st Movement begins in Korea under Japanese rule.
  • 2nd March » The first Communist International meets in Moscow.
  • 21st March » The Hungarian Soviet Republic is established becoming the first Communist government to be formed in Europe after the October Revolution in Russia.
  • 23rd March » In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Italian Fascism e.g Fascist political movement.
  • 1st April » The Bauhaus or Staatliches Bauhaus school is founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar.
  • 6th April » Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a general strike.
  • 10th April » Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
  • 11th April » The International Labour Organization is founded.
  • 13th April » The establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • 13th April » Jallianwala Bagh massacre: British troops gun down at least 379 unarmed demonstrators in Amritsar, India; at least 1200 are wounded.
  • 13th April » Eugene V. Debs is imprisoned at the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia, for speaking out against Conscription in the United States named the draft during World War I.
  • 16th April » Mahatma Gandhi or Mohandas Gandhi organizes a day of "prayer and fasting" in response to the killing of Indian protesters in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre by the United Kingdom called British colonial troops three days earlier.
  • 16th April » Polish–Soviet War: The Polish Land Forces e.g Polish army launches the Vilna offensive to capture Vilnius in modern Lithuania.
  • 19th April » Leslie Irvin (parachutist) known as Leslie Irvin of the United States makes the first successful voluntary free-fall parachute jump using a new kind of self-contained parachute.
  • 4th May » May Fourth Movement: Student demonstrations take place in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China, protesting the Treaty of Versailles, which transferred Republican China known as Chinese territory to Japan.
  • 8th May » Edward George Honey proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate the Armistice of World War I.
  • 15th May » The Winnipeg General Strike begins. By 11:00, almost the whole working population of Winnipeg, Manitoba had walked off the job.
  • 15th May » Greek invasion of İzmir e.g Smyrna. During the invasion, the Greek army kills or wounds 350 Turkish people e.g Turks. Those responsible are punished by the Greek Commander Aristides Stergiades.
  • 16th May » A naval Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company or Curtiss aircraft NC-4 commanded by Albert Cushing Read leaves Trepassey, Newfoundland and Labrador called Newfoundland, for Lisbon via the Azores on the first transatlantic flight.
  • 19th May » Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what is later termed the Turkish War of Independence.
  • 27th May » The NC-4 aircraft arrives in Lisbon after completing the first transatlantic flight.
  • 29th May » The Republic of Prekmurje is founded.
  • 2nd June » Anarchism e.g Anarchists simultaneously 1919 United States anarchist bombings called set off bombs in eight separate U.S. cities.
  • 6th June » The Republic of Prekmurje ends.
  • 7th June » Sette giugno: Four people are killed in a riot in Malta.
  • 11th June » Sir Barton wins the Belmont Stakes, becoming the first horse to win the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing or Triple Crown.
  • 15th June » John Alcock (aviator) known as John Alcock and Arthur Brown (aviator) called Arthur Brown complete the first nonstop transatlantic flight when they reach Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.
  • 21st June » The Royal Canadian Mounted Police fire a volley into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two, during the Winnipeg General Strike.
  • 21st June » Admiral Ludwig von Reuter Scuttling of the German fleet in Scapa Flow known as scuttles the German fleet in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The nine sailors killed are the last casualties of World War I.
  • 23rd June » Estonian War of Independence: the decisive defeat of the 'Baltische Landeswehr' in the Battle of Cesis (1919) named Battle of Cesis. This day is celebrated as Victory Day in Estonia.
  • 28th June » The Treaty of Versailles is signed in Paris, bringing fighting to an end in between Germany and the Allies of World War I.
  • 6th July » The British airship called dirigible R34 (airship) known as R34 lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship.
  • 11th July » The eight-hour day and free Sunday become law for workers in the Netherlands.
  • 13th July » The British airship R33 class airship or R34 lands in Norfolk, England, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic Ocean or Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.
  • 19th July » Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen riot and burn down Luton Town Hall.
  • 21st July » The Airship dirigible 'Wingfoot Air Express crash Wingfoot Air Express' crashes into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Chicago Chicago, Illinois, killing 12 people.
  • 27th July » The Chicago Race Riot of 1919 or Chicago Race Riot erupts after a racial incident occurred on a South Side, Chicago named South Side beach, leading to 38 fatalities and 537 injuries over a five-day period.
  • 31st July » Weimar National Assembly known as German national assembly adopts the Weimar Constitution, which comes into force on August 14.
  • 11th August » The Weimar Constitution named constitution of the Weimar Republic is adopted.
  • 19th August » Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 4th September » Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas Congress called Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.
  • 10th September » Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919) or Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Kingdom of Yugoslavia named Yugoslavia.
  • 11th September » United States Marine Corps known as U.S. Marines invade Honduras.
  • 16th September » The American Legion is incorporated.
  • 18th September » Fritz Pollard becomes the first African American to play professional Football (American) called football for a major team, the Akron Pros.
  • 22nd September » The steel strike of 1919, led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers, begins in Pennsylvania before spreading across the United States.
  • 28th September » Omaha Race Riot of 1919 or Race riots begin in Omaha, Nebraska, US.
  • 2nd October » President of the United States named U.S. President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralysis named paralyzed.
  • 3rd October » Cincinnati Reds pitcher Adolfo Luque becomes the first Latin player to appear in a 1919 World Series known as World Series.
  • 7th October » KLM, the flag carrier of the Netherlands, is founded. It is the oldest airline still operating under its original name.
  • 9th October » Black Sox scandal: The Cincinnati Reds win the World Series.
  • 17th October » RCA is incorporated as the Radio Corporation of America.
  • 7th November » The first Palmer Raids called Palmer Raid is conducted on the second anniversary of the Russian Revolution (1917) named Russian Revolution. Over 10,000 suspected communists and anarchists are arrested in twenty-three different U.S. cities.
  • 10th November » The first national convention of the American Legion is held in Minneapolis, Minnesota, ending on November 12.
  • 11th November » The Centralia Massacre (Washington) or Centralia Massacre in Centralia, Washington results the deaths of four members of the American Legion and the lynching of a local leader of the Industrial Workers of the World.
  • 11th November » Lāčplēša day Latvian forces defeat the Freikorps at Riga in the Latvian War of Independence.
  • 28th November » Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor Lady Astor is elected as a Member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. She is the first woman to sit in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom House of Commons. (Constance Markievicz Countess Markievicz, the first to
  • 1st December » Nancy Astor called Lady Astor becomes the first female Member of Parliament United Kingdom or Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. (She had been elected to that position on November 28.)
  • 1st December » The first issue of 'Diário de Noite' is published from Goa.
  • 3rd December » After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, including two collapses causing 89 deaths, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic.
  • 17th December » Uruguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires Convention or Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 21st December » American anarchism or anarchist Emma Goldman is deported to Russia.
  • 23rd December » Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 becomes law in the United Kingdom.
  • 26th December » Babe Ruth of the Boston Red Sox is sold to the New York Yankees by owner Harry Frazee.