1977 Calendar Year - Print Calendar

January 1977

February 1977

March 1977

April 1977

May 1977

June 1977

July 1977

August 1977

September 1977

October 1977

November 1977

December 1977


Historical Events for the Year 1977

  • 1st January » Charter 77 published its first document.
  • 3rd January » Apple Inc. named Apple Computer is incorporated.
  • 8th January » 1977 Moscow bombings Three bombs explode in Moscow Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union within 37 minutes, killing seven. The bombings are attributed to an Armenians Armenian separatist group.
  • 17th January » Convicted murderer Gary Gilmore is executed by a firing squad in Utah, ending a ten-year moratorium on capital punishment in the United States.
  • 19th January » Snow falls in Miami, Florida. This is the only time in the History of Miami named history of the city that snow has fallen. It also fell in the Bahamas.
  • 21st January » President of the United States Jimmy Carter pardons nearly all United States or American Vietnam War draft evaders, some of whom had emigrated to Canada.
  • 24th January » 1977 Massacre of Atocha or Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.
  • 28th January » The first day of the Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 which dumps convert 10 ft m of snow in one-day in Upstate New York, with Buffalo, New York Buffalo, Syracuse, New York Syracuse, Watertown, New York Watertown, and surrounding areas most affected. File:Ch
  • 18th February » The Space Shuttle Enterprise e.g Space Shuttle 'Enterprise' test vehicle is carried on its maiden "flight" on top of a Boeing 747.
  • 4th March » The 1977 Vrancea earthquake in eastern and southern Europe kills more than 1,500, mostly in the seriously damaged city of Bucharest, Romania.
  • 9th March » The 1977 Hanafi Siege named Hanafi Siege: In a thirty-nine-hour standoff, armed Hanafi Muslims seize three Washington, D.C., buildings, killing two and taking 149 hostage.
  • 10th March » Rings of Uranus: Astronomers discover planetary rings named rings around Uranus.
  • 11th March » The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: more than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi Muslims are set free after ambassadors from three Islamic nations join negotiations.
  • 16th March » Assassination of Kamal Jumblatt, the main leader of the anti-government forces in the Lebanese Civil War.
  • 27th March » Tenerife airport disaster: Two Boeing 747 airliners collide on a foggy runway on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, killing 583 (all 248 on KLM and 335 on Pan Am). Sixty-one survived on the Pan Am flight. This is the worst aviation accident in history.
  • 7th April » Germany called German Federal prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by two Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light.
  • 22nd April » Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone traffic.
  • 27th April » Twenty-eight people are killed in the Guatemala City air disaster.
  • 28th April » The Red Army Faction trial ends, with Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe found guilty of four counts of murder and more than 30 counts of attempted murder.
  • 28th April » The Budapest Treaty or Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
  • 1st May » Thirty-six people are killed in Taksim Square, Istanbul, during the Labour Day celebrations.
  • 9th May » Hotel Polen fire: A disastrous fire burns down the Hotel Polen in Amsterdam causing 33 deaths and 21 severe injuries.
  • 25th May » Star Wars (retitled 'Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope' in 1981) is released in theaters, inspiring the Jediism religion and Geek Pride Day holiday.
  • 28th May » In Southgate, Kentucky, the Beverly Hills Supper Club fire or Beverly Hills Supper Club is engulfed in fire, killing 165 people inside.
  • 31st May » The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System completed.
  • 5th June » A coup takes place in Seychelles.
  • 7th June » 500 million people watched the high day of the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II or Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom named Queen Elizabeth II begin on television.
  • 10th June » James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee, but is recaptured on June 13.
  • 10th June » The Apple II, one of the first personal computers, goes on sale.
  • 13th June » Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before.
  • 16th June » Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.
  • 26th June » The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she is the first victim who is not a prostitute.
  • 26th June » Elvis Presley performs the final concert of his life in Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • 27th June » France grants independence to Djibouti.
  • 30th June » The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands.
  • 4th July » The George Jackson Brigade plants a bomb at the main power substation for the Washington (state) named Washington state capitol in Olympia, Washington e.g Olympia, in solidarity with a prison strike at the Walla Walla State Penitentiary Intensive Security
  • 5th July » Military coup in Pakistan: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, is overthrown.
  • 11th July » Martin Luther King, Jr. is posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
  • 13th July » Somalia declares war on Ethiopia, starting the Ethiopian-Somali War.
  • 13th July » New York, New York, amidst a period of History of New York City (1946–1977) 1970s e.g financial and social turmoil experiences an New York City blackout of 1977 e.g electrical blackout lasting nearly 24 hours that leads to widespread fires and looting.
  • 20th July » The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act (United States) or Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in Project MKULTRA named mind control experiments.
  • 21st July » The start of the four day long Libyan–Egyptian War.
  • 22nd July » China e.g Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.
  • 24th July » End of a four day long Libyan–Egyptian War.
  • 26th July » The National Assembly of Quebec imposes the use of French language e.g French as the official language of the provincial government.
  • 3rd August » The United States Senate begins its hearing on Project MKUltra.
  • 4th August » President of the United States named U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.
  • 10th August » In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz ("Son of Sam") is arrested for a serial killer called series of killings in the New York City area over the period of one year.
  • 12th August » The first Approach and Landing Tests e.g free flight of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
  • 12th August » The 1977 riots in Sri Lanka, targeting the minority Sri Lankan Tamil people, begin, less than a month after the United National Party came to power. Over 300 Tamils are killed.
  • 13th August » Members of the National Front (United Kingdom) e.g British National Front (NF) Battle of Lewisham named clash with anti-NF demonstrators in Lewisham, London, resulting in 214 arrests and at least 111 injuries.
  • 15th August » Ohio State University Radio Observatory or The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by Ohio State University as part of the Search for extraterrestrial intelligence named SETI project, receives a radio signal from deep space; the event is named the "Wow! s
  • 17th August » The Soviet icebreaker 'Arktika (icebreaker) or Arktika' becomes the first surface ship to reach the North Pole.
  • 20th August » Voyager program e.g Voyager Program: NASA launches the 'Voyager 2' spacecraft.
  • 23rd August » The Gossamer Condor wins the Kremer prize for human powered flight.
  • 26th August » The Charter of the French Language is adopted by the National Assembly of Quebec
  • 4th September » The Golden Dragon massacre takes place in San Francisco.
  • 5th September » Hanns Martin Schleyer is kidnapped in Cologne, West Germany by the Red Army Faction and is later murdered.
  • 5th September » Voyager program: Voyager 1 is launched after a brief delay.
  • 7th September » The Torrijos–Carter Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The United States agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
  • 7th September » The 300-metre-tall CKVR-DT transmission tower in Barrie, Ontario, Canada, is hit by a light aircraft in a fog, causing it to collapse. All aboard the aircraft are killed.
  • 10th September » Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of torture and murder, is the last person to be executed by guillotine in France.
  • 12th September » South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko dies in police custody.
  • 18th September » Voyager I takes first photograph of the Earth and the Moon together.
  • 20th September » The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations.
  • 21st September » A nuclear non-proliferation pact is signed by 15 countries, including the United States and the Soviet Union.
  • 25th September » About 4,200 people take part in the first running of the Chicago Marathon.
  • 27th September » A U.S. Navy McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II 1977 Yokohama F-4 crash e.g crashes into a residential neighborhood in Yokohama, Japan, killing two children on the ground and injuring seven other people.
  • 6th October » In Alicante, Spain, fascists attack a group of Communist Movement named MCPV militants and sympathizers, and one MCPV sympathizer is killed.
  • 6th October » The first prototype of the Mikoyan MiG-29, designated 9-01, makes its maiden flight.
  • 7th October » The adoption of the 1977 Soviet Constitution or Fourth Soviet Constitution.
  • 13th October » Four Palestinian people e.g Palestinians hijack 'Lufthansa Flight 181' to Somalia and demand release of 11 members of the Red Army Faction.
  • 17th October » German Autumn: Four days after it is Aircraft hijacking hijacked, Lufthansa Lufthansa Flight 181 Flight 181 lands in Mogadishu, Somalia, where a team of Germany German GSG 9 commandos later rescues all remaining hostages on board.
  • 18th October » German Autumn: a set of events revolving around the kidnapping of Hanns Martin Schleyer e.g Hanns-Martin Schleyer and the Aircraft hijacking known as hijacking of a Lufthansa flight by the Red Army Faction (RAF) comes to an end when Schleyer is murdered a
  • 21st October » The European Patent Institute is founded.
  • 24th October » Veterans Day (United States) known as Veterans Day is observed on the fourth Monday in October for the seventh and last time. (The holiday is once again observed on November 11 beginning the following year.)
  • 25th October » Digital Equipment Corporation releases OpenVMS V1.0.
  • 26th October » Ali Maow Maalin, the last natural case of smallpox, develops rash in Merca district, Somalia. The World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spec
  • 2nd November » South Ockendon Windmill, a smock mill at South Ockendon, Essex, England collapsed.
  • 6th November » The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia, fails, killing 39.
  • 8th November » Manolis Andronikos, a Greek archaeologist and professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina.
  • 19th November » TAP Portugal Flight 425 crashes in the Madeira Islands, killing 130.
  • 20th November » Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
  • 21st November » Minister of Internal Affairs Allan Highet announces that the national anthems of New Zealand shall be the traditional anthem "God Save the Queen" and "God Defend New Zealand", by Thomas Bracken (lyrics) and John Joseph Woods (music), both being of equal s
  • 22nd November » British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service.
  • 25th November » Former Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr., is found guilty by the Philippine Military tribunal known as Military Commission No. 2 and is sentenced to death by firing squad.
  • 4th December » Jean-Bédel Bokassa, president of the Central African Republic, crowns himself Emperor Bokassa I of the Central African Empire.
  • 4th December » Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 is hijacked and crashes in Tanjong Kupang, Johor, killing 100.
  • 5th December » Egypt breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq and South Yemen. The move is in retaliation for the Declaration of Tripoli against Egypt.
  • 6th December » South Africa grants independence to Bophuthatswana, although it is not recognized by any other country.
  • 13th December » A Douglas DC-3 DC-3 aircraft chartered from the Indianapolis Indianapolis, Indiana-based Cobham Aviation Services Australia National Jet crashes near Evansville Regional Airport, killing 29, including the University of Evansville basketball team, support
  • 20th December » Djibouti and Vietnam join the United Nations.
  • 25th December » Prime Minister of Israel e.g Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets in Egypt with President of Egypt or its president Anwar Sadat.
  • 30th December » For the second time, Ted Bundy escapes from his cell in Glenwood Springs, Colorado.