What Happened In History Year 1743

Historical Events for the Year 1743

  • 12th May » Maria Theresa of Austria is crowned Queen of Bohemia after defeating her rival, Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 19th May » Jean-Pierre Christin developed the centigrade temperature scale.
  • 27th June » War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: On the battlefield in Bavaria, George II of Great Britain known as George II personally leads troops into battle. The last time that a British monarch would command troops in the field.
  • 13th September » Great Britain, Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia sign the Treaty of Worms (1743) called Treaty of Worms.

Famous Birthdays in 1743

  • 25th January » Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, German philosopher (d. 1819)
  • 19th February » Luigi Boccherini, Italian cellist and composer (d. 1805)
  • 13th April » Thomas Jefferson, American politician, 3rd President of the United States (d. 1826)
  • 24th April » Edmund Cartwright, English clergyman, invented the power loom (d. 1823)
  • 17th May » Seth Warner, American colonel (d. 1784)
  • 24th May » Jean-Paul Marat, Swiss-French physician, journalist, and politician (d. 1793)
  • 2nd June » Alessandro Cagliostro, Sicilian occultist (d. 1795)
  • 3rd July » Sophia Magdalena of Denmark (d. 1813)
  • 14th July » Gavrila Derzhavin, Russian poet and politician (d. 1816)
  • 19th August » Madame du Barry, French mistress of Louis XV of France (d. 1793)
  • 26th August » Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist and biologist (d. 1794)
  • 17th September » Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and political scientist (d. 1794)
  • 22nd September » Quintin Craufurd, Scottish author (d. 1819)
  • 30th September » Christian Ehregott Weinlig, German cantor and composer (d. 1813)
  • 5th October » Giuseppe Gazzaniga, Italian composer (d. 1818)
  • 11th November » Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish botanist, entomologist, and psychologist (d. 1828)
  • 1st December » Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist and academic (d. 1817)

Famous Deaths in History for 1743

  • 3rd January » Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer (b. 1657)
  • 29th January » André-Hercule de Fleury, French cardinal (b. 1653)
  • 1st February » Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian organist and composer (b. 1657)
  • 4th April » Daniel Neal, English historian (b. 1678)
  • 29th April » Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French author (b. 1658)
  • 2nd July » Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1673)
  • 5th August » John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English courtier and politician, Vice-Chamberlain of the Household (b. 1696)
  • 14th September » Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • 21st September » Jai Singh II, Indian king (b. 1688)
  • 4th October » John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish commander (b. 1678)
  • 27th December » Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (b. 1659)

Historical events for the year 1743 by month