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Historical Events for November 18th

  • Year 401 Calendar » The Visigoths, led by king Alaric I, cross the Alps and invade northern Italy.
  • Year 1105 Calendar » Maginulfo is elected the Antipope as Antipope Sylvester IV e.g Sylvester IV.
  • Year 1180 Calendar » Philip II of France known as Phillip II becomes king of France.
  • Year 1210 Calendar » Pope Innocent III Excommunication called excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV.
  • Year 1302 Calendar » Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull 'Unam sanctam' (One Faith).
  • Year 1493 Calendar » Christopher Columbus first sights the island now known as Puerto Rico.
  • Year 1494 Calendar » French King Charles VIII of France e.g Charles VIII occupies Florence, Italy.
  • Year 1601 Calendar » Tiryaki Hasan Pasha, provincial governor of Ottoman Empire, utterly defeats Habsburg forces, commanded by Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor named Ferdinand the Archduke of Austria during the Siege of Nagykanizsa.
  • Year 1730 Calendar » The future Frederick II of Prussia named Frederick II (known as Frederick the Great), King of Kingdom of Prussia or Prussia, is granted a royal pardon and released from confinement.
  • Year 1803 Calendar » The Battle of Vertières, the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, is fought, leading to the establishment of the Republic of Haiti, the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere.
  • Year 1809 Calendar » In a Action of 18 November 1809 known as naval action during the Napoleonic Wars, French frigates defeat British East Indiamen in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Year 1863 Calendar » King Christian IX of Denmark signs the History of Schleswig-Holstein The November Constitution November constitution that declares Schleswig to be part of Denmark. This is seen by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol (1852) Londo
  • Year 1883 Calendar » American and Canadian railroads institute five standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.
  • Year 1903 Calendar » The Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the United States exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
  • Year 1904 Calendar » General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.
  • Year 1905 Calendar » Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • Year 1909 Calendar » Two United States warships are sent to Nicaragua after 500 revolutionaries (including two Americans) are executed by order of José Santos Zelaya.
  • Year 1916 Calendar » World War I: Battle of the Somme (1916) First Battle of the Somme in France, British Expeditionary Force (World War I) British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig Douglas Haig calls off the battle which started on July 1, 1916.
  • Year 1918 Calendar » Latvia declares its independence from Russia.
  • Year 1926 Calendar » George Bernard Shaw refuses to accept the money for his Nobel Prize, saying, "I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize."
  • Year 1929 Calendar » 1929 Grand Banks earthquake: off the south coast of Newfoundland (island) called Newfoundland in the Atlantic Ocean, a Richter magnitude 7.2 submarine earthquake, centered on Grand Banks, breaks 12 submarine transatlantic telegraph cables and triggers a t
  • Year 1930 Calendar » Soka Kyoiku Gakkai, a Buddhist association later renamed Soka Gakkai, is founded by Japanese educators Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda.
  • Year 1938 Calendar » Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • Year 1943 Calendar » World War II: Battle of Berlin (air) e.g Battle of Berlin 440 Royal Air Force planes bomb Berlin causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses nine aircraft and 53 air crew.
  • Year 1944 Calendar » The Popular Socialist Youth is founded in Cuba.
  • Year 1949 Calendar » The Iva Valley Shooting occurs after the coal miners of Enugu in Nigeria go on Strike action e.g strike over withheld wages; 21 miners are shot dead and 51 are wounded by police under the supervision of the Colonial Nigeria or British colonial administrat
  • Year 1961 Calendar » United States President John F. Kennedy sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam.
  • Year 1963 Calendar » The first push-button telephone goes into service.
  • Year 1970 Calendar » U.S. President Richard Nixon asks the Congress of the United States named U.S. Congress for $155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government.
  • Year 1978 Calendar » In Jonestown, Guyana, Jim Jones led his Peoples Temple to a mass murder-suicide that claimed 918 lives in all, 909 of them in Jonestown itself, including over 270 children. Leo Ryan e.g Congressman Leo J. Ryan is murdered by members of the Peoples Temple
  • Year 1988 Calendar » War on Drugs: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill into law allowing the Capital punishment e.g death penalty for drug trafficking known as drug traffickers.
  • Year 1991 Calendar » Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon release Anglican Communion or Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland (academic) called Thomas Sutherland.
  • Year 1993 Calendar » In the United States, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is approved by the United States House of Representatives named House of Representatives.
  • Year 1993 » In South Africa, 21 political parties approve a new Constitution of South Africa called constitution, expanding voting rights and ending white minority rule.
  • Year 1996 Calendar » A 1996 Channel Tunnel fire known as fire occurs on a train traveling through the Channel Tunnel from France to England causing several injuries and damaging approximately 500 metres (1,600 ft) of tunnel.
  • Year 2002 Calendar » Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.
  • Year 2003 Calendar » In the United Kingdom, the Local Government Act 2003, repealing controversial anti-gay amendment Section 28, becomes effective.
  • Year 2012 Calendar » Nintendo releases the Wii U.
  • Year 2013 Calendar » NASA launches the MAVEN probe to Mars.

Calender for the Month of November