What Happened In History Year 1868

Historical Events for the Year 1868

  • 3rd January » Meiji Restoration in Japan: The Tokugawa shogunate is abolished; agents of Satsuma and Chōshū seize power.
  • 27th January » Boshin War: The Battle of Toba-Fushimi between forces of the Tokugawa shogunate and pro-Emperor of Japan called Imperial factions begins, which will end in defeat for the shogunate, and is a pivotal point in the Meiji Restoration.
  • 2nd February » Pro-Imperial forces Fall of Osaka castle e.g captured Osaka Castle from the Tokugawa shogunate and burned it to the ground.
  • 24th February » Andrew Johnson becomes the first President of the United States to be Impeachment of Andrew Johnson or impeached by the United States House of Representatives. He is later acquitted in the United States Senate known as Senate.
  • 1st March » The Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity is founded at the University of Virginia.
  • 5th March » 'Mefistofele', an opera by Arrigo Boito receives its première performance at La Scala.
  • 8th March » Sakai incident: Japanese samurai kill 11 French sailors in the port of Sakai, Osaka called Sakai near Osaka.
  • 23rd March » The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.
  • 10th April » At Arogee in Ethiopia known as Abyssinia, British and Indian forces British Expedition to Abyssinia e.g defeat an army of Emperor Tewodros II. While 700 Ethiopians are killed and many more injured, only two British/Indian troops die.
  • 11th April » Former Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu surrenders Edo Castle to Imperial forces, marking the end of the Tokugawa shogunate.
  • 13th April » The Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Maqdala.
  • 14th May » Boshin War: The Battle of Utsunomiya Castle ends as former Tokugawa shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikkō.
  • 16th May » United States President Andrew Johnson is acquitted in his Impeachment of Andrew Johnson e.g impeachment trial by one vote in the United States Senate.
  • 29th May » The assassination of Mihailo Obrenović III, Prince of Serbia named Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia, in Belgrade.
  • 1st June » The Long Walk of the Navajo Treaty of Bosque Redondo or Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed, allowing the Navajo people known as Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • 23rd June » Typewriter: Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called the "Type-Writer."
  • 9th July » The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution e.g 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified guaranteeing African Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
  • 25th July » Wyoming becomes a Territories of the United States called United States territory.
  • 28th July » The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution known as 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is certified, establishing African American citizenship and guaranteeing due process of law.
  • 13th August » A 1868 Arica earthquake called massive earthquake near Arica, Peru, causes an estimated 25,000 casualties, and the subsequent tsunami causes considerable damage as far away as Hawaii and New Zealand.
  • 18th August » French astronomy known as astronomer Pierre Janssen Timeline of chemical element discoveries called discovers helium.
  • 19th September » Spanish revolution: Glorious Revolution (Spain) called La Gloriosa.
  • 23rd September » Grito de Lares ("Lares Revolt") occurs in Puerto Rico against Spanish rule.
  • 25th September » The Imperial Russian steam frigate 'Russian frigate Alexander Nevsky e.g Alexander Nevsky' is shipwrecked off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia or Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.
  • 28th September » Battle of Alcolea (1868) e.g Battle of Alcolea causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.
  • 7th October » Cornell University holds opening day ceremonies; initial student enrollment is 412, the highest at any American university to that date.
  • 2nd November » Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally.
  • 3rd November » John Willis Menard was the first African American elected to the United States Congress. Because of an electoral challenge, he was never seated.
  • 27th November » American Indian Wars: Battle of Washita River United States Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer leads an attack on Cheyenne living on reservation land.
  • 10th December » The first traffic lights are installed, outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use Railway semaphore signal named semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • 11th December » Paraguayan War: Brazilian Army e.g Brazilian troops defeat Paraguayan Army e.g Paraguayan at the Battle of Avay.
  • 25th December » President of the United States U.S. President Andrew Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all American Civil War Civil War Confederate States Army Confederate soldiers.

Historical events for the year 1868 by month