1881 Calendar Year - Print Calendar

January 1881

February 1881

March 1881

April 1881

May 1881

June 1881

July 1881

August 1881

September 1881

October 1881

November 1881

December 1881


Historical Events for the Year 1881

  • 25th January » Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.
  • 13th February » The feminist newspaper 'La Citoyenne' is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.
  • 16th February » The Canadian Pacific Railway is incorporated by Act of Parliament at Ottawa (44th Vic., c.1).
  • 24th February » China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
  • 27th February » First Boer War: The Battle of Majuba Hill takes place.
  • 13th March » Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. (Gregorian date: it was March 1 in the Julian calendar then in use in Russia.)
  • 26th March » Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again.
  • 27th March » Rioting takes place in Basingstoke in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of Teetotalism by the Salvation Army.
  • 11th April » Spelman College is founded in Atlanta or Atlanta, Georgia as the Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary, an institute of higher education for African-American women.
  • 14th April » The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight is fought in El Paso, Texas.
  • 16th April » In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
  • 18th April » Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County, New Mexico or Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
  • 12th May » In North Africa, Ottoman Tunisia known as Tunisia becomes a French Protectorate of Tunisia e.g French protectorate.
  • 21st May » The American Red Cross is established by Clara Barton in Washington, D.C.
  • 13th June » The USS Jeannette (1878) e.g USS 'Jeannette' is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack.
  • 28th June » Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
  • 29th June » In Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad declares himself to be the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of Islam.
  • 1st July » General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell Reforms or Cardwell and Childers Reforms called Childers reforms of the British Army, comes into effect.
  • 2nd July » Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds President of the United States e.g U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from an infection on September 19.
  • 4th July » In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens.
  • 14th July » Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.
  • 23rd July » The Boundary treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina is signed in Buenos Aires.
  • 19th September » U.S. President James A. Garfield dies of wounds suffered in a July 2 shooting.
  • 20th September » Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st President of the United States following the assassination of James Garfield.
  • 13th October » Revival of the Hebrew language First Aliyah called First known conversation in modern Hebrew by Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends.
  • 26th October » The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place at Tombstone, Arizona.
  • 19th November » A meteorite lands near the village of Grossliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • 4th December » The first edition of the 'Los Angeles Times' is published.