USING OUR SERVICES YOU AGREE TO OUR USE OF COOKIES

Events Throughout History

Historical Events for October 21st

  • Year 1097 » First Crusade: Crusaders led by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemund of Taranto, and Raymond IV of Toulouse, begin the Siege of Antioch.
  • Year 1209 » Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor called Otto IV is crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Innocent III.
  • Year 1392 » Nanboku-chō period or Nanboku-chō: Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicates in favor of rival claimant Emperor Go-Komatsu known as Go-Komatsu.
  • Year 1512 » Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.
  • Year 1520 » João Álvares Fagundes discovers the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, bestowing them their original name of "Islands of the 11,000 Virgins".
  • Year 1520 » Ferdinand Magellan discovers a strait now known as Strait of Magellan.
  • Year 1600 » Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara, which marks the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate that in effect rules Japan until the mid-nineteenth century.
  • Year 1774 » First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts in defiance of Kingdom of Great Britain named British rule in Colonial America.
  • Year 1797 » In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States Navy frigate USS called Constitution is launched.
  • Year 1816 » The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia.
  • Year 1824 » Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement.
  • Year 1854 » Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses are sent to the Crimean War.
  • Year 1867 » Manifest Destiny: Medicine Lodge Treaty Near Medicine Lodge, Kansas known as Medicine Lodge, Kansas a landmark treaty is signed by southern Great Plains Indian leaders. The treaty requires Native Americans in the United States called Native American Plain
  • Year 1888 » Foundation of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland named Swiss Social Democratic Party.
  • Year 1895 » The Republic of Formosa collapses as Empire of Japan known as Japanese forces invade.
  • Year 1902 » In the United States, a five-month Strike action called strike by United Mine Workers ends.
  • Year 1910 » HMS Niobe 1897 6 arrives in Halifax Harbour to become the first ship of the Royal Canadian Navy.
  • Year 1912 » First Balkan War: Kardzhali is liberated by Kingdom of Bulgaria e.g Bulgarian forces
  • Year 1921 » President Warren G. Harding delivers the first speech by a sitting U.S. President against lynching in the deep South.
  • Year 1940 » The first edition of the Ernest Hemingway novel 'For Whom the Bell Tolls' is published.
  • Year 1941 » World War II: In Kragujevac, Serbia, German Wehrmacht soldiers Kragujevac massacre known as butcher about 7,000 citizens, including schoolchildren and professors.
  • Year 1943 » The Azad Hind or Provisional Government of Free India is formally declared by Subhas Chandra Bose.
  • Year 1944 » World War II: Battle of Aachen — The city of Aachen falls to American forces after three weeks of fighting, making it the first German city to fall to the Allies.
  • Year 1944 » World War II: The first kamikaze attack — A Japanese fighter plane carrying a convert 200 kg lb adj=on bomb attacks HMAS Australia D84 6 off Leyte (island) Leyte Island, as the Battle of Leyte Gulf began.
  • Year 1950 » Korean War: Heavy fighting begins between British and Australian forces from the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade and the North Korean 239th Regiment during the Battle of Yongju.
  • Year 1956 » Mau Mau Uprising: Kenyan rebel leader Dedan Kimathi is captured by the British Army, signalling the ultimate defeat of the rebellion, and essentially ending the British military campaign.
  • Year 1959 » In New York City, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens to the public.
  • Year 1959 » U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs an Executive order (United States) e.g executive order transferring Wernher von Braun and other Germany called German scientists from the United States Army to NASA.
  • Year 1965 » Comet Ikeya-Seki approaches perihelion, passing 450,000 kilometers (279,617 miles) from the sun.
  • Year 1966 » Aberfan disaster: A slag heap collapses on the village of Aberfan in Wales, killing 144 people, mostly schoolchildren.
  • Year 1967 » Vietnam War: More than 100,000 war protesters gather in Washington, D.C.. A Protests against the Vietnam War or peaceful rally at the Lincoln Memorial is followed by a march to The Pentagon and clashes with soldiers and United States Marshals protecting t
  • Year 1971 » A Clarkston explosion named gas explosion kills 22 people at a shopping center in Clarkston, East Renfrewshire, near Glasgow, Scotland.
  • Year 1973 » Fred Dryer of the then St. Louis Rams e.g Los Angeles Rams becomes the first player in National Football League e.g NFL history to score two safeties in the same game.
  • Year 1977 » The European Patent Institute is founded.
  • Year 1978 » Australian civilian pilot Valentich Disappearance called Frederick Valentich vanishes in a Cessna 182 over the Bass Strait south of Melbourne, Australia e.g Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft.
  • Year 1979 » Moshe Dayan resigns from the Israeli government because of strong disagreements with Prime Minister Menachem Begin over policy towards the Arabs.
  • Year 1981 » Andreas Papandreou becomes Prime Minister of Greece, ending an almost 50-year long system of power dominated by conservative forces.
  • Year 1983 » The metre is defined at the seventeenth General Conference on Weights and Measures as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second.
  • Year 1986 » In Lebanon, pro-Iran kidnappers claim to have Iran–Contra Affair called abducted United States named American writer Edward Tracy (he is released in August 1991).
  • Year 1987 » Jaffna hospital massacre is carried out by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 70 ethnic Tamil people e.g Tamil patients, physician called doctors and nurses.
  • Year 1994 » In Seoul, 32 people are killed when the Seongsu Bridge collapses.
  • Year 1994 » North Korea and weapons of mass destruction named North Korea nuclear weapons program: North Korea and the United States sign an agreement that requires North Korea to stop its nuclear weapons program and agree to inspections.
  • Year 2005 » Images of the dwarf planet 136199 Eris or Eris are taken and subsequently used in documenting its discovery by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz.
  • Year 2012 » A 2012 Azana Spa shootings or shooting at a spa in Brookfield, Wisconsin, leaves four people dead, including the shooter.
  • Year 2013 » 2013 Harbin smog called Record smog closes schools, roadways, and the airport in Harbin, China.

World History for the Month of October