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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for August 20th

  • Year 14 » Agrippa Postumus, adopted son of the late Roman emperor Augustus, is executed by his guards while in exile under mysterious circumstances.
  • Year 636 » Battle of Yarmouk: Arab people known as Arab forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid take control of Syria and Palestine away from the Byzantine Empire, marking the first great wave of Muslim conquests and the rapid advance of Islam outside Arabian Peninsula e.
  • Year 917 » Battle of Achelous (917) known as Battle of Acheloos: Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria decisively defeats a Byzantine Empire known as Byzantine army.
  • Year 1000 » The foundation of the Hungary named Hungarian state by Stephen I of Hungary called Saint Stephen, celebrated as a National Day in Hungary.
  • Year 1083 » Canonization of the first King of Hungary, Stephen I of Hungary known as Saint Stephen and his son Saint Emeric of Hungary or Saint Emeric.
  • Year 1308 » Pope Clement V pardons Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Masters of the Knights Templar known as Grand Master of the Knights Templar, absolving him of charges of heresy.
  • Year 1391 » Konrad von Wallenrode becomes the 24th Grand Masters of the Teutonic Knights called Hochmeister of the Teutonic Knights named Teutonic Order.
  • Year 1467 » The Second Battle of Olmedo takes places as part of a succession conflict between Henry IV of Castile and his half-brother Alfonso, Prince of Asturias (1453–1468) or Alfonso, Prince of Asturias.
  • Year 1519 » Philosopher and general Wang Yangming defeats Zhu Chenhao, ending the Prince of Ning rebellion against the reign of the Ming Dynasty emperor Zhengde Emperor or Zhengde.
  • Year 1672 » Former Grand Pensionary Johan de Witt and his brother Cornelis de Witt named Cornelis are brutally murdered by an angry mob in The Hague.
  • Year 1707 » The first Siege of Pensacola (1707) called Siege of Pensacola comes to end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida.
  • Year 1710 » War of the Spanish Succession: A multinational army led by the Austrian commander Guido Starhemberg defeats the Spanish-Bourbon army commanded by Alexandre Maître, Marquis de Bay in the Battle of Saragossa.
  • Year 1775 » The Spain e.g Spanish establish the Presidio San Augustin del Tucson in the town that became Tucson, Arizona.
  • Year 1794 » Battle of Fallen Timbers: United States American troops force a confederacy of Shawnee, Mingo, Lenape Delaware, Wyandot people Wyandot, Miami people Miami, Odawa people Ottawa, Ojibwe people Chippewa, and Potawatomi warriors into a disorganized retreat.
  • Year 1866 » President of the United States or President Andrew Johnson formally declares the American Civil War over.
  • Year 1910 » The Great Fire of 1910 (also commonly referred to as the "Big Blowup" or the "Big Burn") occurs in northeast Washington (state) Washington, northern Idaho (the panhandle), and western Montana, burning approximately convert 3 e6acre km2.
  • Year 1914 » World War I: Germany or German forces occupy Brussels.
  • Year 1920 » The first commercial radio station, 8MK (now WWJ (AM) named WWJ), begins operations in Detroit e.g Detroit, Michigan.
  • Year 1938 » Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam, a record that stood for 75 years until it was broken by Alex Rodriguez.
  • Year 1940 » In Mexico City, Mexico exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky is fatally wounded with an ice axe by Ramón Mercader. He dies the next day.
  • Year 1940 » World War II: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom e.g British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes the fourth of his famous wartime speeches, containing the line "Never was so much owed by so many to so few".
  • Year 1944 » World War II: The Battle of Romania begins with a major Soviet Union offensive.
  • Year 1944 » World War II: KLB Club or 168 captured allied airmen, including Phil Lamason, accused by the Gestapo of being "terror fliers", arrive at Buchenwald concentration camp.
  • Year 1950 » Korean War: United Nations Battle of Taegu repel an offensive by North Korean divisions attempting to cross the Nakdonggang Naktong River and assault the city of Daegu Taegu.
  • Year 1955 » In Morocco, a force of Berber people known as Berbers from the Atlas Mountains region of Algeria raid two rural settlements and kill 77 France known as French nationals.
  • Year 1960 » Senegal breaks from the Mali Federation, declaring its independence.
  • Year 1968 » Soviet Union-dominated Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia, crushing the Prague Spring.
  • Year 1975 » Viking program e.g Viking Program: NASA launches the 'Viking 1' planetary probe toward Mars.
  • Year 1977 » Voyager program e.g Voyager Program: NASA launches the 'Voyager 2' spacecraft.
  • Year 1986 » In Edmond, Oklahoma, United States Postal Service e.g U.S. Postal employee Patrick Sherrill guns down 14 of his co-workers and then commits suicide.
  • Year 1988 » The Troubles: Ballygawley bus bombing Eight British soldiers are killed and 28 wounded when their bus is hit by an Provisional Irish Republican Army IRA roadside bomb in Ballygawley, County Tyrone Ballygawley, County Tyrone.
  • Year 1988 » Iran–Iraq War: A ceasefire is agreed after almost eight years of war.
  • Year 1988 » Peru becomes a member of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works called Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • Year 1988 » "Black Saturday" of the Yellowstone fires of 1988 e.g Yellowstone fire in Yellowstone National Park
  • Year 1989 » The pleasure boat Marchioness disaster e.g 'Marchioness' sinks on the River Thames following a collision. Fifty-one people are killed.
  • Year 1991 » Estonia, annexed by the Soviet Union in 1940, issues a decision on the re-establishment of independence on the basis of historical continuity of its pre-World War II statehood.
  • Year 1993 » After rounds of secret negotiations in Norway, the Oslo Accords are signed, followed by a public ceremony in Washington, D.C. the following month.
  • Year 1997 » Souhane massacre in Algeria; over 60 people are killed and 15 kidnapped.
  • Year 1998 » 1998 United States embassy bombings called U.S. embassy bombings: The United States launches Cruise missile strikes on Afghanistan and Sudan (August 1998) known as cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaeda camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemic
  • Year 2002 » A group of Iraqis opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein take over the Iraqi Diplomatic mission known as Embassy in Berlin, Germany for five hours before releasing their hostages and surrendering.
  • Year 2008 » Spanair Flight 5022, from Madrid, Spain to Gran Canaria, skids off the runway and crashes at Madrid-Barajas Airport named Barajas Airport. One hundred forty-six people are killed in the crash, and eight more die later. Only 18 people survive.
  • Year 2012 » A 2012 Caracas prison riot called prison riot in the Venezuelan capital, Caracas, kills at least 20 people.

World History for the Month of August