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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for August 12th

  • Year 30 » Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler of the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty, commits suicide, allegedly by means of an Asp (reptile) known as asp bite.
  • Year 1099 » First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid Caliphate called Fatimid forces led by Al-Afdal Shahanshah. This is considered the last engagement of the First Crusade.
  • Year 1121 » Battle of Didgori: The Georgia (country) Georgian army under King David IV of Georgia David IV wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuq dynasty Seljuk commander Ilghazi.
  • Year 1164 » Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din Zangi defeats the Crusades known as Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.
  • Year 1323 » Signature of the Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Veliky Novgorod or Novgorod (Russia), that regulates the border between the two countries for the first time.
  • Year 1480 » Ottoman invasion of Otranto Battle of Otranto: Ottoman Empire Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam; they are later Martyrs of Otranto honored in the Church.
  • Year 1499 » First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Republic of Venice e.g Venetian and Ottoman Turks called Ottoman fleets.
  • Year 1687 » Battle of Mohács (1687) e.g Battle of Mohács: Charles V, Duke of Lorraine or Charles of Lorraine defeats the Ottoman Empire.
  • Year 1793 » The Rhône (department) Rhône and Loire (department) Loire 'Departments of France départments' are created when the former 'département' of Rhône-et-Loire is split into two.
  • Year 1806 » Santiago de Liniers, 1st Count of Buenos Aires re-takes the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina after the British invasions of the Río de la Plata known as first British invasion.
  • Year 1851 » Isaac Singer is granted a patent for his sewing machine.
  • Year 1877 » Asaph Hall discovers the Mars Natural satellite e.g moon Deimos (moon) or Deimos.
  • Year 1883 » The last quagga dies at the Natura Artis Magistra e.g Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Year 1898 » An Armistice ends the Spanish–American War.
  • Year 1898 » The Flag of Hawaii e.g Hawaiian flag is lowered from ʻIolani Palace in an elaborate annexation ceremony and replaced with the flag of the United States to signify the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Hawaii to the United States.
  • Year 1914 » World War I: The United Kingdom declares war on Austria-Hungary; the countries of the British Empire follow suit.
  • Year 1914 » World War I: The Battle of Haelen (1914) called Battle of Haelen a.k.a. (Battle of the Silver Helmets) a clash between large Belgian and German cavalry formations at Halen, Belgium.
  • Year 1944 » Nazi Germany known as Nazi German troops end the week-long Wola massacre, during which time at least 40,000 people were killed indiscriminately or in mass executions.
  • Year 1944 » Alençon is liberated by General Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, the first city in France to be liberated from the Nazism or Nazis by French forces.
  • Year 1948 » USS Nevada BB-36 6 is struck from the naval record.
  • Year 1952 » The Night of the Murdered Poets: Thirteen prominent Jewish intellectuals are murdered in Moscow e.g Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union.
  • Year 1953 » Nuclear weapons testing: The Soviet atomic bomb project continues with the detonation of 'Joe 4', the first Soviet thermonuclear weapon.
  • Year 1953 » The islands of Zakynthos and Cephalonia Kefalonia in Greece are severely damaged by an 1953 Ionian Earthquake earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter magnitude scale Richter scale.
  • Year 1958 » Art Kane photographs 57 notable jazz musicians in the black and white group portrait "A Great Day in Harlem" in front of a Brownstone in New York City.
  • Year 1964 » Charlie Wilson, one of the Great Train Robbery (1963) Great Train Robbers, escapes from Birmingham (HM Prison) Winson Green Prison in Birmingham Birmingham, England, United Kingdom.
  • Year 1969 » Violence erupts after the Apprentice Boys of Derry march in Derry e.g Derry, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom resulting in a three-day communal riot known as the Battle of the Bogside.
  • Year 1976 » Between 1,000 and 3,500 Palestinian people called Palestinians are killed in the Tel al-Zaatar massacre, one of the bloodiest events of the Lebanese Civil War
  • Year 1977 » The first Approach and Landing Tests e.g free flight of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
  • Year 1977 » The 1977 riots in Sri Lanka, targeting the minority Sri Lankan Tamil people, begin, less than a month after the United National Party came to power. Over 300 Tamils are killed.
  • Year 1980 » The Latin American Integration Association called Montevideo Treaty, establishing the Latin American Integration Association, is signed.
  • Year 1981 » The IBM Personal Computer is released.
  • Year 1982 » Mexico announces that it is unable to pay its enormous external debt, marking the beginning of a debt crisis that spreads to all of Latin America and the Third World.
  • Year 1985 » Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes into Mount Osutaka e.g Osutaka ridge in Gunma Prefecture, Japan, killing 520, to become the worst single-plane air disaster.
  • Year 1990 » Sue (dinosaur) or Sue, the largest and most complete 'Tyrannosaurus Rex' skeleton found to date, is discovered by Sue Hendrickson in South Dakota.
  • Year 1992 » Canada, Mexico and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
  • Year 1994 » Major League Baseball players go on 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike e.g strike. This will force the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.
  • Year 2000 » The Oscar class submarine Russian submarine K-141 Kursk named K-141 'Kursk' of the Russian Navy Russian submarine Kursk explosion named explodes and sinks in the Barents Sea during a military exercise.
  • Year 2007 » The bulk carrier MV known as New Flame collides with the oil tanker 'Torm Gertrud' at the southernmost tip of Gibraltar, ending up partially submerged.
  • Year 2012 » The 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony closing ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics Olympic games were held at the Olympic Stadium (London) Olympic Stadium in London.

World History for the Month of August