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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for October 19th

  • Year 202 » Second Punic War: At the Battle of Zama, Roman Republic e.g Roman legions under Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal Barca, leader of the army defending Carthage.
  • Year 439 » The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
  • Year 1216 » King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry III of England known as Henry.
  • Year 1386 » The Heidelberg University or Universität Heidelberg held its first lecture, making it the oldest German university.
  • Year 1469 » Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Crown of Castile e.g Castile into a single country, Spain.
  • Year 1512 » Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology ('Doctor in Biblia').
  • Year 1649 » New Ross e.g New Ross town, Co. Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
  • Year 1789 » Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
  • Year 1805 » Napoleonic Wars: Austrian Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberich called General Mack surrenders his army to the Grand Army of Napoleon at the Battle of Ulm. 30,000 prisoners are captured and 10,000 casualties inflicted on the losers.
  • Year 1812 » Napoleon I of France retreats from Moscow.
  • Year 1813 » The Battle of Leipzig concludes, giving Napoleon I of France e.g Napoleon Bonaparte one of his worst defeats.
  • Year 1822 » In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
  • Year 1864 » Battle of Cedar Creek Union Army under Philip Sheridan destroys a Confederate Army under Jubal Anderson Early or Jubal Early.
  • Year 1864 » St. Albans Raid Confederate States of America named Confederate raiders launch an attack on Saint Albans, Vermont from Canada.
  • Year 1866 » Venice - Annexion of Veneto and Mantua to Italy - At Hotel Europa, Austria hands over Veneto to France, which hands it immediately over to Italy.
  • Year 1912 » Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
  • Year 1914 » The First Battle of Ypres begins.
  • Year 1917 » The Dallas Love Field e.g Love Field in Dallas, Texas is opened.
  • Year 1921 » Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon Bloody Night called coup.
  • Year 1922 » British Conservative Party (UK) Conservative Member of Parliament MPs meeting at the Carlton Club meeting Carlton Club vote to break off the Lloyd George ministry Coalition Government with David Lloyd George of the Liberal Party (UK) Liberal Party.
  • Year 1933 » Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
  • Year 1935 » The League of Nations places economic sanctions on Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946) called fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
  • Year 1943 » Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
  • Year 1944 » United States forces land in the Philippines.
  • Year 1950 » Iran becomes the first country to accept technical assistance from the United States under the Point Four Program.
  • Year 1954 » First ascent of Cho Oyu.
  • Year 1956 » The Soviet Union and Japan sign a Soviet–Japanese Joint Declaration of 1956 or Joint Declaration, officially ending the state of war between the two countries that had existed since August 1945.
  • Year 1960 » Cold War: The United States government imposes a United States embargo against Cuba or near-total trade embargo against Cuba, which remains in effect today.
  • Year 1969 » The first Prime Minister of Tunisia in 1957 called twelve years, Bahi Ladgham, is appointed by President Habib Bourguiba.
  • Year 1973 » President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court decision that he turn over the Watergate tapes.
  • Year 1974 » Niue Constitution Act 1974 (NZ) known as Niue becomes a self-governing colony of New Zealand.
  • Year 1976 » Battle of Aishiya in Lebanon.
  • Year 1986 » Samora Machel, President of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, and 33 others die when their Tupolev 134 plane 1986 Mozambican Tupolev Tu-134 crash known as crashes into the Lebombo Mountains.
  • Year 1986 » The Boston Red Sox win Game 2 of the 1986 World Series versus the New York Mets 9-3 at Shea Stadium.
  • Year 1987 » Black Monday (1987) or Black Monday - the Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points.
  • Year 1987 » The United States Navy conducts Operation Nimble Archer, an attack on two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf.
  • Year 1988 » The Government of the United Kingdom British government imposes a 1988–94 British broadcasting voice restrictions broadcasting ban on television and radio interviews with members of Sinn Féin and eleven Irish republicanism Irish republican and Ulster loya
  • Year 1989 » The convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison.
  • Year 2001 » SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sinks in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
  • Year 2003 » Mother Teresa is Beatification or beatified by Pope John Paul II.
  • Year 2004 » Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq.
  • Year 2005 » Saddam Hussein Trial of Saddam Hussein e.g goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
  • Year 2005 » Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
  • Year 2007 » Philippines: A bomb explosion rocked Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati. The blast killed 11 and injured more than 100 people.
  • Year 2012 » Big Tex, a 52-foot statue and cultural icon in Dallas, Texas, is destroyed by fire during the final weekend of the 2012 State Fair of Texas.
  • Year 2013 » At least 105 people have been injured in a 2013 Buenos Aires train crash or train crash at the Once railway station in Buenos Aires.

World History for the Month of October