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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for March 23rd

  • Year 1400 » The Trần Dynasty of Vietnam is deposed after one hundred and seventy-five years of rule by Hồ Quý Ly, a court official.
  • Year 1540 » Waltham Abbey Church known as Waltham Abbey is surrendered to King Henry VIII of England; the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
  • Year 1568 » The Peace of Longjumeau is signed, ending the second phase of the French Wars of Religion.
  • Year 1708 » James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth.
  • Year 1757 » Capture of Chandannagar fort by United Kingdom e.g British forces.
  • Year 1806 » After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their "Corps of Discovery" begin their arduous journey home.
  • Year 1821 » Greek War of Independence: Battle and fall of city of Kalamata.
  • Year 1848 » The ship 'John Wickliffe (ship) John Wickliffe' arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scotland Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • Year 1868 » The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.
  • Year 1879 » War of the Pacific: The Battle of Topáter, the first battle of the war is fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru.
  • Year 1885 » Sino-French War: Chinese victory in the Battle of Phu Lam Tao near Hung Hoa, northern Vietnam.
  • Year 1889 » The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, India.
  • Year 1901 » Emilio Aguinaldo, only President of the First Philippine Republic, was captured at Palanan, Isabela by forces of General Frederick Funston.
  • Year 1908 » American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.
  • Year 1909 » Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
  • Year 1918 » First World War: On the third day of the German Operation Michael known as Spring Offensive, the 10th Battalion of the Royal West Kent Regiment is annihilated with many of the men becoming Prisoners of war
  • Year 1919 » In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Italian Fascism e.g Fascist political movement.
  • Year 1931 » Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar are hanged for murder during the Indian struggle for independence.
  • Year 1933 » The 'Reichstag (Weimar Republic) named Reichstag' passes the Enabling Act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
  • Year 1935 » Signing of the Constitution of the Philippines Commonwealth and Third Republic e.g Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
  • Year 1939 » The Kingdom of Hungary (Regency) named Hungarian air force attacks the headquarters of Slovenské vzdušné zbrane called Slovak air force in the city of Spišská Nová Ves, kills 13 people and began the Slovak–Hungarian War.
  • Year 1940 » The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
  • Year 1942 » World War II: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands.
  • Year 1956 » Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. (Republic Day March 23rd in Pakistan or Republic Day in Pakistan)
  • Year 1965 » The first issue of 'The Vigilant' is published from Khartoum.
  • Year 1978 » The first UNIFIL troops arrived in Lebanon for Timeline of UN peacekeeping missions e.g peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line (Lebanon) or Blue Line.
  • Year 1980 » Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.
  • Year 1983 » Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
  • Year 1989 » Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce their discovery of cold fusion at the University of Utah.
  • Year 1994 » At an election rally in Tijuana, Mexico e.g Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez.
  • Year 1994 » A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 Fighting Falcon named F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 Hercules named C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground. This later became known as the Green R
  • Year 1996 » Taiwan holds its ROC Presidential Election 1996 or first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President of the Republic of China or President.
  • Year 2001 » The Russian 'Mir' space station is Deorbit of Mir known as disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
  • Year 2003 » Battle of Nasiriyah, first major conflict during the 2003 invasion of Iraq named invasion of Iraq.
  • Year 2005 » Texas City Refinery explosion: During a test on a distillation tower liquid waste builds up and flows out of a blowout tower. Waste fumes ignite and explode killing 15 workers.

World History for the Month of March