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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for October 20th

  • Year 1548 » The city of Nuestra Señora de La Paz (Blessed Virgin Mary known as Our Lady of Peace) is founded by Alonso de Mendoza by appointment of the king of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor e.g Charles V.
  • Year 1572 » Relief of Goes, Cristóbal de Mondragón with 3000 soldiers of the Spanish Tercios, release the siege of the city.
  • Year 1720 » Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is Capture of the William or captured by the Royal Navy.
  • Year 1740 » Maria Theresa of Austria Maria Theresa takes the throne of Holy Roman Empire Austria. Kingdom of France France, Kingdom of Prussia Prussia, Electorate of Bavaria Bavaria and Electorate of Saxony Saxony refuse to honour the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 Pragm
  • Year 1781 » Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of religion called freedom of worship, is approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
  • Year 1803 » The United States Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase.
  • Year 1818 » Treaty of 1818 called The Convention of 1818 signed between the United States and the United Kingdom which, among other things, settles the Canada – United States border on the 49th parallel north called 49th parallel for most of its length.
  • Year 1827 » Battle of Navarino: a combined Ottoman Empire Turkish and Khedivate of Egypt Egyptian armada is defeated by United Kingdom British, Bourbon Restoration French, and Russian Empire Russian naval force in the port of Navarino in Pylos, Greece.
  • Year 1873 » Yale University Yale, Princeton University Princeton, Columbia University Columbia, and Rutgers University Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
  • Year 1904 » Chile and Bolivia sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1904) called Treaty of Peace and Friendship, delimiting the border between the two countries.
  • Year 1910 » The hull of the RMS called Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS called Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
  • Year 1935 » The Long March, a mammoth retreat undertaken by the armed forces of the Communist Party of China called Chinese Communist Party a year prior, ends.
  • Year 1939 » Pope Pius XII publishes his first major encyclical entitled 'Summi Pontificatus'.
  • Year 1943 » The cargo vessel French ship Sinfra known as 'Sinfra' is attacked by Allied aircraft at Suda Bay, Crete, and sunk. 2,098 Italian prisoners of war drown with it.
  • Year 1944 » American general Douglas MacArthur fulfills his promise to return to the Philippines when he commands Battle of Leyte called an Allied assault on the islands, reclaiming them from the Japanese during the Second World War.
  • Year 1944 » Liquid Cleveland East Ohio Gas explosion named 'natural gas leaks from storage tanks in Cleveland, then explodes; the explosion and resulting fire level 30 blocks and kill 130.
  • Year 1944 » The Soviet Army and Partisans (Yugoslavia) called Yugoslav Partisans liberate Belgrade, the capital of Kingdom of Yugoslavia known as Yugoslavia
  • Year 1947 » The House Un-American Activities Committee begins its investigation into Communism called Communist infiltration of Hollywood, resulting in Hollywood blacklist e.g a blacklist that prevents some from working in the industry for years.
  • Year 1947 » United States–Pakistan relations or United States of America and Islamic Republic of Pakistan establish diplomatic relations for the first time.
  • Year 1951 » The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma called Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • Year 1952 » Colonial Heads of Kenya Governor Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale Evelyn Baring declares a state of emergency in Kenya and begins arresting hundreds of suspected leaders of the Mau Mau Uprising, including Jomo Kenyatta, the future first Heads o
  • Year 1961 » The Soviet Union performs the first armed test of a submarine-launched ballistic missile, launching an R-13 (missile) called R-13 from a Golf-class submarine.
  • Year 1968 » Former First Lady of the United States named First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greece named Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.
  • Year 1970 » Siad Barre declares Somali Democratic Republic e.g Somalia a socialist state.
  • Year 1971 » The Nepal Stock Exchange collapses.
  • Year 1973 » "Saturday Night Massacre": President of the United States President Richard Nixon fires United States Attorney General U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson and United States Deputy Attorney General Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus after they
  • Year 1973 » The Sydney Opera House opens.
  • Year 1976 » The ferry MV George Prince ferry disaster e.g 'George Prince' is struck by a ship while crossing the Mississippi River between Destrehan, Louisiana or Destrehan and Luling, Louisiana. Seventy-eight passengers and crew die and only 18 people aboard the fer
  • Year 1982 » During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.
  • Year 1991 » The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments, causing more than $2 billion in damage.
  • Year 1991 » A 6.8 Moment magnitude scale or Mw earthquake 1991 Uttarkashi earthquake or strikes the Uttarkashi region of India, killing more than 1,000 people.
  • Year 2011 » Libyan civil war: National Transitional Council rebel forces capture ousted Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in his hometown of Sirte and Death of Muammar Gaddafi e.g kill him shortly thereafter.

World History for the Month of October