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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for January 19th

  • Year 379 » Emperor Gratian elevates Theodosius I or Flavius Theodosius at Sirmium to 'Augustus (honorific) or Augustus', and gives him power over all the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire.
  • Year 639 » Clovis II, king of Neustria and Kingdom of Burgundy known as Burgundy, is crowned.
  • Year 1511 » Mirandola surrenders to the French.
  • Year 1520 » Sten Sture the Younger, the List of Swedish monarchs called Regent of Sweden, is mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund.
  • Year 1607 » San Agustin Church, Manila named San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; it is the oldest church still standing in the Philippines.
  • Year 1661 » Thomas Venner is hanged, drawn and quartered in London.
  • Year 1764 » John Wilkes is expelled from the House of Commons of the United Kingdom or British House of Commons for seditious libel.
  • Year 1788 » The second group of ships of the First Fleet arrive at Botany Bay.
  • Year 1795 » The Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands bringing to an end the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
  • Year 1806 » The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope.
  • Year 1812 » Peninsular War: After a ten-day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.
  • Year 1817 » An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, Crossing of the Andes named crosses the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
  • Year 1839 » The British East India Company captures Aden.
  • Year 1840 » Captain Charles Wilkes circumnavigates Antarctica, claiming what became known as Wilkes Land for the United States.
  • Year 1861 » American Civil War: Georgia (U.S. state) called Georgia joins South Carolina, Florida, Mississippi, and Alabama in secession called seceding from the United States.
  • Year 1862 » American Civil War: Battle of Mill Springs The Confederate States of America known as Confederacy suffers its first significant defeat in the conflict.
  • Year 1871 » Franco-Prussian War: In the Siege of Paris (1870-1871) Siege of Paris, Kingdom of Prussia Prussia wins the Battle of St. Quentin (1871) Battle of St. Quentin. Meanwhile, the French attempt to break the siege in the Battle of Buzenval (1871) Battle of Buze
  • Year 1883 » The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.
  • Year 1899 » Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed.
  • Year 1915 » Georges Claude patents the neon Neon lighting known as discharge tube for use in advertising.
  • Year 1917 » Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London.
  • Year 1920 » The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations.
  • Year 1937 » Howard Hughes sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles, California to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.
  • Year 1942 » World War II: Japanese forces invade Burma
  • Year 1945 » World War II: Red Army Soviet forces liberate the Ghetto Litzmannstadt Łódź ghetto. Of more than 200,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazism Nazi occupation.
  • Year 1946 » General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war crimes called war criminals.
  • Year 1949 » Cuba recognizes Israel.
  • Year 1953 » 71.7% of all television sets in the United States are tuned into 'I Love Lucy' to watch Lucy Ricardo or Lucy Lucy Goes to the Hospital e.g give birth.
  • Year 1960 » Japan and the United States sign the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan named US-Japan Mutual Security Treaty
  • Year 1975 » An 1975 Kinnaur earthquake called earthquake strikes Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Year 1977 » Snow falls in Miami, Florida. This is the only time in the History of Miami named history of the city that snow has fallen. It also fell in the Bahamas.
  • Year 1981 » Iran Hostage Crisis: United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.
  • Year 1983 » Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia.
  • Year 1983 » The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, is announced.
  • Year 1986 » The first IBM PC computer virus is released into the wild. A boot sector virus dubbed Brain (computer virus) called (c)Brain, it was created by the Farooq Alvi Brothers in Lahore, Pakistan, reportedly to deter piracy of the software they had written.
  • Year 1991 » Gulf War: Iraq fires a second Scud missile into Israel, causing 15 injuries.
  • Year 1993 » Czech Republic and Slovakia join the United Nations.
  • Year 1995 » After being struck by lightning the crew are forced to ditch Bristow Flight 56C. All 18 aboard are later rescued.
  • Year 1996 » The barge 'North Cape (ship) known as North Cape' oil spill occurs as an engine fire forces the tugboat 'Scandia' ashore on Moonstone Beach in South Kingstown, Rhode Island.
  • Year 1997 » Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron after more than 30 years and joins celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.
  • Year 1999 » British Aerospace agrees to acquire the defence subsidiary of the General Electric Company plc, forming BAE Systems in November 1999.
  • Year 2006 » The New Horizons probe is launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto.
  • Year 2012 » The Hong Kong-based file-sharing website Megaupload is shut down by the FBI.
  • Year 2013 » A failed attempt to assassinate Ahmed Dogan, chairman of the Bulgarian political party Movement for Rights and Freedoms, on live television is foiled by security guards.
  • Year 2014 » A 2014 Bannu bombing known as bomb attack on an army convoy in the city of Bannu kills at least 26 soldiers and injures 38 others.

World History for the Month of January