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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for February 18th

  • Year 1229 » The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy.
  • Year 1268 » The Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Daumantas of Pskov or Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Wesenberg (1268) named Battle of Rakvere.
  • Year 1332 » Amda Seyon I of Ethiopia called Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
  • Year 1478 » George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence named George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is execution (legal) called executed in private at the Tower of London.
  • Year 1745 » The city of Surakarta, Central Java is founded on the banks of Solo River, Java called Bengawan Solo River, and becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Surakarta.
  • Year 1797 » French Revolutionary Wars: Sir Ralph Abercromby and a fleet of 18 Kingdom of Great Britain or British warships Invasion of Trinidad (1797) called invade Trinidad.
  • Year 1814 » Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Montereau.
  • Year 1861 » In Montgomery, Alabama, Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.
  • Year 1861 » With Italian unification almost complete, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy known as Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia assumes the title of King of Italy.
  • Year 1865 » American Civil War: Union Army e.g Union forces under Major General William T. Sherman set the South Carolina State House on fire during the Columbia, South Carolina, in the Civil War e.g burning of Columbia.
  • Year 1873 » Bulgarian revolutionary leader Vasil Levski is executed by hanging in Sofia by the Ottoman Empire called Ottoman authorities.
  • Year 1878 » John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jesse Evans (outlaw) called Jesse Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
  • Year 1885 » The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is published in the United States.
  • Year 1900 » Second Boer War: Imperial forces suffer their worst single-day loss of life on Bloody Sunday (1900) known as Bloody Sunday, the first day of the Battle of Paardeberg.
  • Year 1906 » Edouard de Laveleye forms the Belgian Olympic Committee in Brussels.
  • Year 1911 » The first official flight with air mail takes place from Allahabad, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh United Provinces, British India (now India), when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about Convert 10 km mi away.
  • Year 1913 » Pedro LascurĂ¡in becomes President of Mexico for 45 minutes; this is the shortest term to date of any person as president of any country.
  • Year 1930 » Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cattle named cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft.
  • Year 1930 » While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.
  • Year 1932 » The Empire of Japan declares Manzhouguo (the obsolete Chinese name for Manchuria) independent from the Republic of China.
  • Year 1938 » During the Nanking Massacre tha Nanking Safety Zone International Committee is renamed "Nanking International Rescue Committee" and the safety zone in place for refugees falls apart.
  • Year 1942 » World War II: The Imperial Japanese Army begins the Sook Ching massacre called systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among the Chinese in Singapore.
  • Year 1943 » Joseph Goebbels delivers his Sportpalast speech called 'Sportpalast' speech.
  • Year 1943 » The Nazism named Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose movement.
  • Year 1946 » Sailors of the Royal Indian Navy Royal Indian Navy Mutiny mutiny in Mumbai Bombay harbour, from where the action spreads throughout the Presidencies and provinces of British India Provinces of British India, involving 78 ships, twenty shore establishments
  • Year 1947 » First Indochina War: The French Battle of Hanoi called gain complete control of Hanoi after forcing the Viet Minh to withdraw to mountains.
  • Year 1954 » The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California.
  • Year 1955 » Operation Teapot: Teapot test shot "Wasp" is successfully detonated at the Nevada Test Site with a yield of Effects of nuclear explosions Summary of the effects called 1.2 kilotons. Wasp is the first of fourteen shots in the Teapot series.
  • Year 1957 » Walter James Bolton becomes the last person Capital punishment in New Zealand called legally executed in New Zealand.
  • Year 1957 » Kenyan rebel leader Dedan Kimathi is executed by the British colonial government.
  • Year 1965 » The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • Year 1969 » Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708 crashes into Mount Whitney killing all on board.
  • Year 1970 » The Chicago Seven are found not guilty of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
  • Year 1977 » The Space Shuttle Enterprise e.g Space Shuttle 'Enterprise' test vehicle is carried on its maiden "flight" on top of a Boeing 747.
  • Year 1978 » The first Ironman Triathlon competition takes place on the island of Oahu and is won by Gordon Haller.
  • Year 1979 » Snowfall called Snow falls in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria for the only time in recorded history.
  • Year 1983 » Thirteen people die and one is seriously injured in the Wah Mee massacre in Seattle, Washington. It is said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in U.S. history.
  • Year 1991 » The Provisional Irish Republican Army called IRA explodes bombs in the early morning at Paddington station and Victoria station (London) called Victoria station in London.
  • Year 2001 » Sampit conflict Inter-ethnic violence between Dayak people Dayaks and Madura Island Madurese breaks out in Sampit, Indonesia, that will ultimately result in more than 500 deaths and 100,000 Madurese displaced from their homes.
  • Year 2001 » Seven-time NASCAR Sprint Cup Series champion Dale Earnhardt Death of Dale Earnhardt known as dies in an accident during the Daytona 500.
  • Year 2001 » Federal Bureau of Investigation known as FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union. He is ultimately convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • Year 2003 » Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea.
  • Year 2004 » Up to 295 people, including nearly 200 rescue workers, die near Neyshabur in Iran when a runaway freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertilizer Nishapur train disaster named catches fire and explodes.
  • Year 2007 » Terrorist bombs 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings or explode on the Samjhauta Express in Panipat, Haryana, India, killing 68 people.
  • Year 2014 » At least 76 people are killed and hundreds are injured in February 2014 Euromaidan riots called clashes between riot police and demonstrators in Kiev, Ukraine.

World History for the Month of February