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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for August 19th

  • Year 43 » Augustus called Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, later known as Augustus, compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul.
  • Year 295 » The first Roman temple temple to Venus (mythology) Venus, the Roman mythology Roman goddess of love, beauty and fertility, is dedicated by Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges (consul 292 BC) Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges during the Third Samnite War.
  • Year 1153 » Baldwin III of Jerusalem takes control of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from his mother Melisende of Jerusalem called Melisende, and also Battle of Ascalon (1153) named captures Ascalon.
  • Year 1504 » In Ireland, the Hiberno-Normans named Hiberno-Norman de Burghs (Burkes) and Anglo-Norman Fitzgeralds fight in the Battle of Knockdoe.
  • Year 1561 » Mary, Queen of Scots, who was 18-years-old, returns to Scotland after spending 13 years in France.
  • Year 1612 » The "Samlesbury witches", three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury, England, are put on trial, accused of practicing witchcraft, one of the most famous Witch-hunt called witch trials in British history.
  • Year 1692 » Salem witch trials: In Salem, Massachusetts called Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay, five people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman, are executed after being convicted of witchcraft.
  • Year 1745 » Prince Charles Edward Stuart raises his standard in Glenfinnan: The start of the Jacobite rising of 1745 e.g Second Jacobite Rebellion, known as "the 45".
  • Year 1782 » American Revolutionary War: Battle of Blue Licks: The last major engagement of the war, almost ten months after the surrender of the British commander Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis named Charles Cornwallis following the Siege of Yorktown.
  • Year 1812 » War of 1812: American frigate USS Constitution USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere defeats the British frigate HMS Guerriere 1806 6 off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada earning the nickname "Old Ironsides".
  • Year 1848 » California Gold Rush: The 'New York Herald' breaks the news to the East Coast of the United States of the gold rush in California (although the rush started in January).
  • Year 1854 » The Sioux Wars First Sioux War begins when United States Army soldiers kill Lakota people Lakota chief Conquering Bear and in return are Grattan massacre massacred.
  • Year 1861 » First ascent of Weisshorn, fifth highest summit in the Alps.
  • Year 1862 » American Indian Wars: During an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota people or Lakota warriors decide not to attack heavily-defended Fort Ridgely and instead turn to the settlement of New Ulm, Minnesota known as New Ulm, killing white settlers along the way.
  • Year 1895 » American Frontier murderer and outlaw John Wesley Hardin is killed by an off-duty policeman in a bar (establishment) or saloon in El Paso, Texas.
  • Year 1909 » The first automobile race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
  • Year 1914 » The Ottoman-Bulgarian alliance is signed in Sofia.
  • Year 1919 » Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom.
  • Year 1927 » Sergius I of Moscow named Metropolitan Sergius proclaims the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet Union.
  • Year 1934 » The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
  • Year 1934 » The creation of the position Führer is approved by the Germany known as German electorate with 89.9% of the popular vote.
  • Year 1940 » First flight of the North American B-25 Mitchell e.g B-25 Mitchell medium bomber.
  • Year 1942 » World War II: Dieppe Raid Operation Jubilee: The 2nd Canadian Infantry Division leads an amphibious warfare amphibious assault by Allies of World War II allied forces on Dieppe, Seine-Maritime, France and fails, many Canadians are killed or captured. The
  • Year 1944 » World War II: Liberation of Paris: Paris, France rises against Nazi Germany called German occupation with the help of Allied troops.
  • Year 1945 » August Revolution: Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Year 1955 » In the Northeast United States, severe flooding caused by Hurricane Diane, claims 200 lives.
  • Year 1960 » Cold War: In Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union, downed American Lockheed U-2 known as U-2 aviator e.g pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the Soviet Union for espionage.
  • Year 1960 » List of spacecraft called Sputnik Sputnik program: 'Korabl-Sputnik 2': The Soviet Union launches the satellite with the dogs Soviet space dogs Belka and Strelka Belka and Strelka, 40 mouse mice, two rats and a variety of plants.
  • Year 1964 » Syncom 3, the first Geostationary orbit e.g geostationary communication satellite, was launched.
  • Year 1965 » Prime Minister of Japan or Japanese prime minister Eisaku Satō becomes the first post-World War II sitting prime minister to visit Okinawa Prefecture.
  • Year 1980 » Saudia Flight 163, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar burns after making an emergency landing at King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, killing 301 people.
  • Year 1981 » Gulf of Sidra incident (1981) Gulf of Sidra Incident: United States fighters intercept and shoot down two Libyan Air Force (1951–2011) Libyan Sukhoi Su-17 Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets over the Gulf of Sidra.
  • Year 1987 » Hungerford massacre: In the United Kingdom, Michael Ryan kills sixteen people with a semi-automatic rifle and then commits suicide.
  • Year 1989 » Several hundred East Germany named East Germans cross the frontier between Hungary and Austria during the Pan-European Picnic, part of the events that began the process of the Berlin Wall The Fall named Fall of the Berlin Wall.
  • Year 1989 » Radio Caroline, the offshore pirate station in the North Sea, is raided by British and Netherlands called Dutch governments.
  • Year 1989 » President of Poland Polish president Wojciech Jaruzelski nominates Solidarity (Polish trade union) Solidarity activist Tadeusz Mazowiecki to be the first non-Communism communist prime minister in 42 years.
  • Year 1991 » Crown Heights riot: Black groups target Hasidic Judaism Hasidic Jews on the streets of Crown Heights, Brooklyn Crown Heights in New York City New York, New York for three days, after two black children were hit by a car driven by a Hasidic man.
  • Year 1999 » In Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro known as Yugoslavia, tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of President of Serbia and Montenegro e.g Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milošević.
  • Year 2002 » Khankala Mi-26 crash: A Russian Mil Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechens or Chechen missile outside Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.
  • Year 2003 » A suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem, Israel, planned by Hamas, kills 23 Israelis, seven of them children, in the Shmuel HaNavi bus bombing.
  • Year 2005 » Southern Ontario Tornado Outbreak of 2005 e.g A series of strong storms lashes Southern Ontario spawning several tornadoes as well as creating extreme flash flooding within the city of Toronto and its Greater Toronto Area called surrounding communities. I
  • Year 2005 » The first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China, called Peace Mission 2005 begins.
  • Year 2009 » A 19 August 2009 Baghdad bombings named series of bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others.
  • Year 2010 » Iraq War known as Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait.
  • Year 2012 » A 2012 Sudan Antonov An-26 crash called plane crash kills 32 people in Sudan.
  • Year 2013 » A Dhamara Ghat train accident or train accident in India kills at least 37 people and injures over a dozen.

World History for the Month of August