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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for February 23rd

  • Year 303 » Roman Emperor Diocletian orders the destruction of the Christianity known as Christian church in Nicomedia, beginning eight years of Diocletianic Persecution.
  • Year 532 » List of Byzantine emperors known as Byzantine Emperor Justinian I orders the building of a new Eastern Orthodox Church named Orthodox Christian basilica in Constantinople the Hagia Sophia.
  • Year 1455 » Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western culture named Western book printed with movable type.
  • Year 1554 » Mapuche forces, under the leadership of Lautaro, score a victory over the Spanish Empire named Spanish at the Battle of Marihueñu in Chile.
  • Year 1739 » Richard Palmer is identified at York Castle, by his former schoolteacher, as the outlaw Dick Turpin.
  • Year 1778 » American Revolutionary War: Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben called Baron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania to help to train the Continental Army.
  • Year 1820 » Cato Street Conspiracy: A plot to murder all the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland named British cabinet ministers is exposed.
  • Year 1821 » Alexander Ypsilantis (1792–1828) named Alexander Ypsilantis starts the Greek War of Independence in Iași, Wallachia (now part of Romania).
  • Year 1836 » Texas Revolution: The Battle of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas.
  • Year 1847 » Mexican–American War: Battle of Buena Vista In Mexico, American troops under future president General Zachary Taylor defeat Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
  • Year 1854 » The official independence of the Orange Free State is declared.
  • Year 1861 » President of the United States known as President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington, D.C., after the thwarting of an alleged Baltimore Plot or assassination plot in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Year 1870 » Reconstruction Era: Post-American Civil War or U.S. Civil War military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union (American Civil War) e.g Union.
  • Year 1883 » Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an Competition law named anti-trust law.
  • Year 1885 » Sino-French War: French Army gains an important victory in the Battle of Đồng Đăng in the Tonkin region of Vietnam.
  • Year 1886 » Charles Martin Hall produced the first samples of man-made aluminum, after several years of intensive work. He was assisted in this project by his older sister Julia Brainerd Hall.
  • Year 1887 » The French Riviera is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000.
  • Year 1896 » The Tootsie Roll is invented.
  • Year 1903 » Cuba leases Guantanamo Bay Naval Base e.g Guantánamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".
  • Year 1909 » The AEA Silver Dart makes the first powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.
  • Year 1917 » First demonstrations in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The beginning of the February Revolution.
  • Year 1918 » Last monarch of Mecklenburg-Strelitz commits suicide.
  • Year 1927 » U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs a bill by United States Congress known as Congress establishing the Federal Radio Commission (later replaced by the Federal Communications Commission) which was to regulate the use of radio frequencies in the United St
  • Year 1927 » Germans known as German theoretical physics named theoretical physicist Werner Heisenberg writes a letter to fellow physicist Wolfgang Pauli, in which he describes his uncertainty principle for the first time.
  • Year 1934 » Leopold III of Belgium or Leopold III becomes King of Belgium.
  • Year 1941 » Plutonium is first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
  • Year 1942 » World War II: Empire of Japan Japanese submarines Bombardment of Ellwood fire artillery shells at the California coastline near Santa Barbara, California Santa Barbara.
  • Year 1943 » Greek Resistance: The United Panhellenic Organization of Youth is founded is Greece.
  • Year 1944 » The Soviet Union begins the Operation Lentil (Caucasus) named forced deportation of the Chechen people or Chechen and Ingush people from the North Caucasus to Central Asia.
  • Year 1945 » World War II: The German town of Pforzheim is Bombing of Pforzheim in World War II named annihilated in a raid by 379 British bombers.
  • Year 1945 » World War II: Capitulation of German garrison in Poznań. The city is liberated by Soviet Union known as Soviet and Polish forces.
  • Year 1945 » World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by combined Filipino and American forces.
  • Year 1945 » World War II: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino people called Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños, Laguna or Los Baños internment camp.
  • Year 1945 » World War II: During the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of United States Marines and a commonly forgotten U.S. Navy Corpsman, reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima known as photographed raising the American flag.
  • Year 1947 » The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is founded.
  • Year 1954 » The first mass inoculation of children against Poliomyelitis or polio with the Jonas Salk named Salk vaccine begins in Pittsburgh.
  • Year 1955 » First meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
  • Year 1958 » Cuban rebels kidnap 5-time world F1 champion Juan Manuel Fangio.
  • Year 1974 » The Symbionese Liberation Army demands $4 million more to release kidnap victim Patty Hearst.
  • Year 1983 » The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins called dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.
  • Year 1987 » Supernova 1987a is seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
  • Year 1991 » Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Iraq, thus beginning the Gulf War Ground campaign or ground phase of the war.
  • Year 1998 » In the United States, Kissimmee Tornado Outbreak e.g tornadoes in central Florida destroy or damage 2,600 structures and kill 42.
  • Year 1999 » Kurds called Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan is charged with treason in Ankara, Turkey.
  • Year 1999 » An avalanche destroys the Austrian village of Galtür, killing 31.
  • Year 2005 » The controversial French law on colonialism is passed, requiring teachers to teach the "positive values of colonialism". After public outcry, it is repealed at the beginning of 2006.
  • Year 2007 » A Grayrigg rail crash or train derails on an evening express service near Grayrigg, Cumbria, England, killing one person and injuring 22. This results in hundreds of points being checked over the UK after a few similar accidents.
  • Year 2008 » A United States Air Force named U.S. Air Force B-2 Spirit bomber Andersen Air Force Base B-2 accident known as crashes on Guam. It is the first operational loss of a B-2.
  • Year 2010 » Unknown criminals pour more than 2.5 million liters of diesel oil and other hydrocarbons into the river Lambro, in Northern Italy, sparking an environmental disaster.
  • Year 2012 » A 23 February 2012 Iraq attacks named series of attacks across Iraq leave at least 83 killed and more than 250 injured.
  • Year 2014 » The 2014 Winter Olympics closing ceremony e.g closing ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics called Winter Olympics take place in Sochi, Russia.

World History for the Month of February