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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for July 20th

  • Year 70 » Siege of Jerusalem (70) Siege of Jerusalem Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, storms the Antonia Fortress Fortress of Antonia north of the Temple Mount. The Roman army is drawn into street fights with the Zealotry Zealots.
  • Year 911 » Rollo Siege of Chartres (911) named lays siege to Chartres.
  • Year 1189 » Richard I of England officially invested as Duke of Normandy.
  • Year 1304 » Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle King Edward I of England takes the stronghold using the Warwolf named War Wolf.
  • Year 1402 » Ottoman-Timurid Wars: Battle of Ankara Timur, ruler of Timurid Empire, defeats forces of the Ottoman Empire sultan Bayezid I.
  • Year 1592 » During the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98) e.g first Japanese invasion of Korea, Japanese forces led by Toyotomi Hideyoshi captured Pyongyang, although they were ultimately unable to hold it.
  • Year 1738 » Canadian explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye known as Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan.
  • Year 1799 » Tekle Giyorgis I of Ethiopia named Tekle Giyorgis I begins his first of five reigns as Emperor of Ethiopia.
  • Year 1810 » Citizens of Bogotá, Viceroyalty of New Granada named New Granada declare independence from Spain.
  • Year 1864 » American Civil War: Battle of Peachtree Creek Near Atlanta Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate States of America Confederate forces led by General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully attack Union (American Civil War) Union Union Army troops under General William T. S
  • Year 1866 » Austro-Prussian War: Battle of Lissa (1866) Battle of Lissa The Austro-Hungarian Navy Austrian Navy , led by Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, defeats the Regia Marina Italian Navy near the island of Vis (island) Vis in the Adriatic Sea.
  • Year 1871 » British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
  • Year 1885 » The Football Association legalizes professionalism in association football under pressure from the British Football Association.
  • Year 1903 » The Ford Motor Company ships its first car.
  • Year 1917 » World War I: The Corfu Declaration, which leads to the creation of the post-World War I known as war Kingdom of Yugoslavia, is signed by the Yugoslav Committee and Kingdom of Serbia.
  • Year 1922 » The League of Nations awards mandates of Togoland to France and Tanganyika to the United Kingdom.
  • Year 1932 » In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans, part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force, who attempt to march to the White House.
  • Year 1934 » Labor unrest in the U.S.: Police in Minneapolis fire upon striking Trucker known as truck drivers, during the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934, killing two and wounding sixty-seven.
  • Year 1934 » 1934 West Coast waterfront strike: In Seattle Seattle, Washington, police fire tear gas on and club 2,000 striking stevedore longshoremen. The governor of Oregon calls out the National Guard to break a strike on the Portland, Oregon Portland docks.
  • Year 1935 » Switzerland: A KLM or Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen.
  • Year 1936 » The Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Turkish Straits or Montreux Convention is signed in Montreux named Switzerland, authorizing Turkey to fortify the Dardanelles and Bosphorus but guaranteeing free passage to ships of all nations in peacet
  • Year 1938 » The United States Department of Justice files suit in New York City or New York, New York against the motion picture industry charging violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act in regards to the studio system. The case would eventually result in a break-up
  • Year 1940 » Denmark leaves the League of Nations.
  • Year 1940 » California opens its first freeway, the Arroyo Seco Parkway.
  • Year 1941 » Soviet Union or Soviet leader Joseph Stalin consolidates the Commissariats of Home Affairs and National Security to form the NKVD and names Lavrentiy Beria known as Lavrenti Beria its chief.
  • Year 1944 » World War II: Adolf Hitler survives 20 July plot or an assassination attempt led by German Army Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg.
  • Year 1949 » Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their 1948 Arab–Israeli War named nineteen-month war.
  • Year 1950 » Cold War: In Philadelphia, Harry Gold pleads guilty to spying for the Soviet Union by passing secrets from atomic scientist Klaus Fuchs.
  • Year 1951 » King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.
  • Year 1960 » The Polaris missile is successfully launched from a submarine, the USS George Washington SSBN-598 6, for the first time.
  • Year 1961 » Military of France called French military forces break the Tunisian Bizerte crisis named siege of Bizerte.
  • Year 1964 » Vietnam War: Viet Cong forces attack the capital of Dinh Tuong Province, Cai Be, killing 11 South Vietnamese military personnel and 40 civilians (30 of which are children).
  • Year 1968 » The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Ill, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities.
  • Year 1969 » A cease fire is announced between Honduras and El Salvador, six days after the beginning of the "Football War".
  • Year 1976 » The American Viking 1 lander successfully lands on Mars.
  • Year 1977 » The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act (United States) or Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in Project MKULTRA named mind control experiments.
  • Year 1985 » The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles.
  • Year 1992 » Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.
  • Year 1997 » The fully restored USS known as Constitution (aka 'Old Ironsides') celebrates its 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
  • Year 1999 » The Chinese Communist Party begins a Persecution of Falun Gong or persecution campaign against Falun Gong, arresting thousands nationwide.

World History for the Month of July