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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for January 16th

  • Year 27 » Augustus called Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus is granted the title Augustus (honorific) called Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.
  • Year 550 » Gothic War (535–554) called Gothic War: The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.
  • Year 929 » Emir Abd-ar-Rahman III established the Caliphate of Córdoba.
  • Year 1120 » The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusades named Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • Year 1362 » A Storm surge storm tide in the North Sea destroys the Germany German city of Rungholt on the island of Strand (island) Strand.
  • Year 1412 » The House of Medici named Medici family is appointed official banker of the Pope named Papacy.
  • Year 1492 » The first grammar of the Spanish language is presented to Isabella I of Castile e.g Queen Isabella I.
  • Year 1547 » Ivan IV of Russia aka Ivan the Terrible becomes Tsar named Czar of Russia.
  • Year 1556 » Philip II of Spain known as Philip II becomes King of Spain.
  • Year 1572 » Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
  • Year 1581 » The English Parliament of England known as Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism.
  • Year 1605 » The first edition of 'Don Quixote or El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha' (Book One of 'Don Quixote') by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid named Madrid, Spain.
  • Year 1707 » The Parliament of Scotland Scottish Parliament ratifies the Acts of Union 1707 Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain.
  • Year 1761 » The British capture Pondicherry district or Pondichéry, India from the France named French.
  • Year 1780 » American Revolutionary War: Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1780) known as Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
  • Year 1786 » Virginia enacted the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom called Statute for Religious Freedom authored by Thomas Jefferson.
  • Year 1809 » Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna named Battle of La Coruña.
  • Year 1847 » John C. Frémont is appointed List of Governors of California e.g Governor of the new California Territory.
  • Year 1862 » Hartley Colliery Disaster: 204 men and boys killed in a mining disaster, prompted a change in UK law which henceforth required all collieries to have at least two independent means of escape.
  • Year 1878 » Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) Battle of Philippopolis (1878) Battle of Philippopolis: Captain Aleksandr Burago with a Squadron (army) squadron of Russian Empire Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman Empire Ottoman rule.
  • Year 1883 » The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States Civil Service Commission known as United States Civil Service, is passed.
  • Year 1896 » Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation Annual general meeting called AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
  • Year 1900 » The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the American Samoa named Samoan islands.
  • Year 1919 » Temperance movement in the United States known as Temperance movement: The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.
  • Year 1920 » Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated was founded on the campus of Howard University.
  • Year 1920 » The League of Nations holds its first council meeting in Paris known as Paris, France.
  • Year 1924 » Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece for the fourth time.
  • Year 1939 » The Irish Republican Army (1922–1969) known as Irish Republican Army (IRA) begins a S-Plan named bombing and sabotage campaign in England.
  • Year 1942 » Crash of TWA Flight 3, killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard.
  • Year 1945 » Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker.
  • Year 1956 » President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt vows to reconquer Palestine.
  • Year 1964 » Hello, Dolly! (musical) starring Carol Channing opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.
  • Year 1969 » Soviet spacecraft 'Soyuz 4' and 'Soyuz 5' perform the first-ever docking of manned spacecraft in low Earth orbit or orbit, the first-ever transfer of crew from one space vehicle to another, and the only time such a transfer was accomplished with a Extra-v
  • Year 1970 » Buckminster Fuller receives the AIA Gold Medal called Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects.
  • Year 1979 » The Mohammad Reza Pahlavi e.g last Iranian Shah flees Iran with his family for good and relocates to Egypt.
  • Year 1986 » First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.
  • Year 1991 » The Coalition Forces go to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time).
  • Year 1992 » El Salvador officials and rebel leaders sign the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City named Mexico City, Mexico ending the 12-year Salvadoran Civil War that claimed at least 75,000 lives.
  • Year 2001 » President of the United States or US President Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish–American War.
  • Year 2001 » Democratic Republic of the Congo called Congolese President Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.
  • Year 2002 » The United Nations Security Council named UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda, and the remaining members of the Taliban.
  • Year 2003 » The Space Shuttle Columbia or Space Shuttle 'Columbia' takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. 'Columbia' disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.
  • Year 2005 » Romanian university lecturer and novelist Adriana Iliescu gives birth at 66 to her daughter Eliza, breaking the record for the oldest birth mother in the world
  • Year 2013 » An estimated 41 international workers are In Aménas hostage crisis or taken hostage in an attack in the town of In Aménas, Algeria.

World History for the Month of January