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Events Throughout History

Historical Events for November 21st

  • Year 164 » Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. This event is commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
  • Year 235 » Pope Anterus succeeds Pope Pontian e.g Pontian as the nineteenth pope. During the persecutions of emperor Maximinus Thrax he is martyred.
  • Year 1620 » Plymouth Colony List of passengers on the Mayflower called settlers sign the Mayflower Compact (November 11, Old Style and New Style dates called O.S.).
  • Year 1789 » North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12th U.S. state.
  • Year 1861 » American Civil War: Confederate States of America or Confederate President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin secretary of war.
  • Year 1877 » Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound.
  • Year 1894 » Lüshunkou Port Arthur, Manchuria, Battle of Lushunkou falls to the Japanese, a decisive victory of the First Sino-Japanese War, after which Japanese troops are accused of the Port Arthur massacre (China) massacre of the remaining inhabitants of the city.
  • Year 1902 » The Philadelphia Athletics (NFL) or Philadelphia Football Athletics defeated the Kanaweola Athletic Club of Elmira, New York e.g Elmira, New York, 39-0, in the first ever professional American football night game.
  • Year 1916 » World War I: A mine explodes and sinks HMHS Britannic in the Aegean Sea, killing 30 people.
  • Year 1918 » Lwów pogrom (1918) known as A pogrom takes place in Lwów (now Lviv); over three days, at least 50 Jews and 270 Ukrainian Christians are killed by Poles.
  • Year 1918 » Flag of Estonia, previously used by pro-independence activists, is formally adopted as national flag of the Republic of Estonia.
  • Year 1920 » Irish War of Independence: In Dublin, 31 people are killed in what became known as "Bloody Sunday (1920) named Bloody Sunday". This included fourteen British informants, fourteen Irish civilians and three Irish Republican Army prisoners.
  • Year 1922 » Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia (U.S. state) e.g Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first female United States Senate or United States Senator.
  • Year 1927 » Columbine Mine Massacre: Strike action known as Striking coal miners are allegedly attacked with machine guns by a detachment of state police dressed in civilian clothes.
  • Year 1942 » The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway) is celebrated (however, the highway is not usable by general vehicles until 1943).
  • Year 1945 » The United Auto Workers strike 92 General Motors plants in 50 cities to back up worker demands for a 30-percent raise.
  • Year 1950 » Two Canadian National Railway trains collide in northeastern British Columbia in the Canoe River train crash; the death toll is 21, with 17 of them Canadian troops bound for Korea.
  • Year 1953 » The British Natural History Museum announces that the "Piltdown Man" human skull e.g skull, initially believed to be one of the most important fossilized hominid skulls ever found, is a hoax.
  • Year 1959 » American disc jockey Alan Freed, who had popularized the term "rock and roll" and music of that style, is fired from WABC (AM) named WABC-AM radio for refusing to deny allegations that he had participated in the payola scandal.
  • Year 1967 » Vietnam War: United States called American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: "I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing."
  • Year 1969 » President of the United States or U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Sato agree in Washington, D.C., on the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under the terms of the agreement, the U.S. is to retain its rights to bases on
  • Year 1969 » The first permanent ARPANET link is established between UCLA and SRI International known as SRI.
  • Year 1970 » Vietnam War: Operation Ivory Coast A joint United States Air Force called Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American prisoners of war thought to be held there.
  • Year 1971 » Indian troops, partly aided by Mukti Bahini (Bengali guerrilla warfare called guerrillas), defeat the Pakistan army in the Battle of Garibpur.
  • Year 1972 » Voters in South Korea overwhelmingly approve a new constitution, giving legitimacy to Park Chung-hee and the Fourth Republic of South Korea known as Fourth Republic.
  • Year 1974 » The Birmingham Pub Bombings kill 21 people. The Birmingham Six are sentenced to life in prison for the crime but subsequently acquitted.
  • Year 1977 » Minister of Internal Affairs Allan Highet announces that the national anthems of New Zealand shall be the traditional anthem "God Save the Queen" and "God Defend New Zealand", by Thomas Bracken (lyrics) and John Joseph Woods (music), both being of equal s
  • Year 1979 » The United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan, is attacked by a mob and 1979 U.S. Embassy Burning in Islamabad called set on fire, killing four.
  • Year 1985 » United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard is arrested for espionage known as spying after being caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations. He is subsequently sentenced to life in prison.
  • Year 1986 » Iran-Contra Affair: National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary start to shred documents allegedly implicating them in the sale of weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra (guerrillas) called Contra rebels in
  • Year 1992 » A major tornado strikes the Houston, Texas area during the afternoon. Over the next two days the largest tornado outbreak ever to occur in the US during November spawns over 100 tornadoes before ending on the 23rd.
  • Year 1995 » The Dayton Peace Agreement is initialed at the Wright Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, Ohio, ending three and a half years of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The agreement is formally ratified in Paris, on December 14 that same year.
  • Year 1996 » Humberto Vidal Explosion: Thirty-three people die when a Humberto Vidal shoe shop explodes.
  • Year 2002 » NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • Year 2004 » The island of Dominica is hit by the most destructive earthquake in its history. The northern half of the island receives the most damage, especially the town of Portsmouth, Dominica called Portsmouth. It is also felt in neighboring Guadeloupe, where one
  • Year 2006 » Anti-Syrian Lebanese Minister and MP Pierre Amine Gemayel called Pierre Gemayel is assassinated in suburban Beirut.
  • Year 2009 » A 2009 Heilongjiang mine explosion called mine explosion in Heilongjiang province, northeastern China, kills 108.
  • Year 2012 » At least 28 are wounded after a 2012 Tel Aviv bus bombing e.g bomb is thrown onto a bus in Tel Aviv.
  • Year 2013 » A supermarket Riga supermarket roof collapse or roof collapse in Riga, Zolitude killing 54 people.

World History for the Month of November