What Happened In 15th October In History
Historical Events for October 15th
- Year 69 » Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Roman emperor named Emperor of Rome, but rules for only three months before committing suicide.
- Year 1541 » King Francis I of France gives Jean-François Roberval a commission to settle the province of New France (Canada) and provide for the spread of the "Holy Catholic faith".
- Year 1559 » Elizabeth I of England Elizabeth I is crowned List of English monarchs Queen of England in Westminster Abbey, London London, England.
- Year 1582 » Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- Year 1759 » The British Museum opens.
- Year 1777 » American Revolutionary War: Vermont Republic known as New Connecticut (present day Vermont) declares its independence.
- Year 1782 » Superintendent of Finance Robert Morris (financier) Robert Morris goes before the United States Congress U.S. Congress to recommend establishment of a national mint (coin) mint and decimal coinage.
- Year 1815 » War of 1812: American frigate USS President 1800 6, commanded by Commodore (rank) Commodore Stephen Decatur, is Capture of USS President captured by a squadron of four British frigates.
- Year 1822 » Greek War of Independence: Demetrios Ypsilantis is elected president of the legislative assembly.
- Year 1844 » University of Notre Dame receives its charter from the state of Indiana.
- Year 1865 » American Civil War: Fort Fisher in North Carolina Second Battle of Fort Fisher e.g falls to the Union, thus cutting off the last major seaport of the Confederacy.
- Year 1876 » The first newspaper in Afrikaans, Die Afrikaanse Patriot, is published in Paarl.
- Year 1889 » The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is Incorporation (business) or incorporated in Atlanta or Atlanta, Georgia.
- Year 1892 » James Naismith publishes the rules of basketball.
- Year 1908 » The Alpha Kappa Alpha Fraternities and sororities named sorority becomes the first Greek-letter organization founded and established by African American college women.
- Year 1910 » Construction ends on the Buffalo Bill Dam in Wyoming, United States, which was the highest dam in the world at the time, at convert 325 ft m abbr=on.
- Year 1919 » Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent Socialism or socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps at the end of the Spartacist uprising.
- Year 1919 » Boston Molasses Disaster: A large molasses tank in Boston e.g Boston, Massachusetts, bursts and a wave of molasses rushes through the streets, killing 21 people and injuring 150 others.
- Year 1933 » A twelve-year-old girl experiences the first Marian apparition of Our Lady of Banneux in Banneux called Banneux, Belgium.
- Year 1936 » The first building to be completely covered in glass, built for the Owens-Illinois e.g Owens-Illinois Glass Company, is completed in Toledo, Ohio.
- Year 1937 » Spanish Civil War: Francoist Spain e.g Nationalists and Second Spanish Republic or Republican both withdraw after suffering heavy losses, ending the Second Battle of the Corunna Road.
- Year 1943 » World War II: The Battle of Voronezh (1943) called Soviet counter-offensive at Voronezh begins.
- Year 1949 » Chinese Civil War: The Communist Party of China e.g Communist forces Pingjin Campaign or take over Tianjin from the Nationalist Government.
- Year 1951 » Ilse Koch, "The Witch of Buchenwald", wife of the commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, is sentenced to life imprisonment by a court in West Germany.
- Year 1967 » The first Super Bowl is played in Los Angeles known as Los Angeles, California. The Green Bay Packers defeat the Kansas City Chiefs 35–10.
- Year 1969 » The Soviet Union launches 'Soyuz 5'.
- Year 1970 » Nigerian Civil War: After a 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria, Biafra surrenders.
- Year 1970 » Muammar Gaddafi e.g Moammar Gadhafi is proclaimed premier of Libya.
- Year 1973 » Vietnam War: Citing progress in peace negotiations, President of the United States called President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive action in North Vietnam.
- Year 1974 » Dennis Rader aka the BTK Killer kills his first victims by binding, torturing and murdering Joseph, Joseph II, Josephine and Julie Otero in their house.
- Year 1975 » The Alvor Agreement is signed, ending the Angolan War of Independence and giving Angola independence from Portugal.
- Year 1981 » John Paul II receives a delegation from Solidarity (Polish trade union) at the Vatican City e.g Vatican led by Lech Walesa.
- Year 1991 » The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Gulf War called Operation Desert Storm.
- Year 1991 » Elizabeth II, in her capacity as Monarchy of Australia known as Queen of Australia, signs letters patent allowing Australia to become the first Commonwealth realm to institute Victoria Cross for Australia e.g its own Victoria Cross in its honours system.
- Year 1992 » The international community recognizes the independence of Slovenia and Croatia from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
- Year 1993 » Salvatore Riina, the Mafia boss known as "The Beast", is arrested in Sicily called Sicily, Italy after three decades as a fugitive.
- Year 2001 » Wikipedia, a free Wiki content encyclopedia, goes online.
- Year 2007 » Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former Iraqi intelligence chief and half-brother of Saddam Hussein, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Revolutionary Court, are executed by hanging in Iraq.
- Year 2009 » US Airways Flight 1549 makes an emergency landing in the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York City known as New York, New York. All passengers and crew members survive.
- Year 2013 » A Badrashin railway accident or train carrying Egyptian Army recruits derails near Giza, Greater Cairo, killing 19 and injuring 120 others.
World History for the Month of October